Thermally stimulated electromagnetic fields of solids
E.A. Vinogradov a
I.A. Dorofeyev b
a Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Fizicheskaya 5, Troitsk, Moscow, 108840, Russian Federation
b Institute for Physics of Microstructures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Ul'yanova 46, Nizhnii Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation
Different ways to calculate the spectral properties of fluctuating electromagnetic fields produced by solids are reviewed, all of which essentially reduce to solving the Maxwell equations for a specified geometry and boundary conditions and then using the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. It is shown that in the practical case of plane-layered solids, all correlation characteristics of thermal fields can be expressed in terms of the Fresnel coefficients. The experimental results on thermally stimulated electromagnetic fields from solids are in qualitative and quantitative agreement with model calculations and theoretical expectations. The dispersion interaction between solid bodies in different thermodynamic states, the fluctuating fields as a means of body-to-body energy transfer, and the shift, broadening, and deexcitation of energy levels in a particle near a solid surface are discussed using the theory of thermally stimulated electromagnetic fields.