Issues

 / 

2008

 / 

September

  

Reviews of topical problems


Synergy effects in the deformation response of thermodynamically open metal — hydrogen systems


Perm State University, ul. Bukireva 15, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation

This paper reviews how polycrystalline and amorphous metals respond to the combined effect of a nonuniform force field and a high-intensity hydrogen (deuterium) diffusion flow. It is shown that deformation effects in such thermodynamically open systems result from phase transitions occurring due to changes in the hydrogen (deuterium) concentration. The necessary and sufficient criteria for observing such synergy effects are formulated. It is shown that the deformation response in a nonuniform stress field is a very sensitive means for indicating first and second-order structural phase transitions in metal — hydrogen systems.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 61.43.−j, 61.72.−y, 62.20.−x, 81.05.Bx (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2008v051n09ABEH006506
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2008/9/a/
Citation: Spivak L V "Synergy effects in the deformation response of thermodynamically open metal — hydrogen systems" Phys. Usp. 51 863–885 (2008)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Оригинал: Спивак Л В «Синергические эффекты деформационного отклика в термодинамически открытых системах металл-водород» УФН 178 897–922 (2008); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0178.200809a.0897

References (226) ↓ Cited by (13) Similar articles (20)

  1. Karpenko G V, Kripyakevich R I Vliyanie Vodoroda na Svoistva Stali (M.: Metallurgizdat, 1962)
  2. Śmialowski M Hydrogen In Steel (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1962)
  3. Cotterill P The Hydrogen Embrittlement Of Metals (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1961); Kotterill P Vodorodnaya Khrupkost’ Metallov (M.: Metallurgizdat, 1963)
  4. Moroz L S, Chechulin B B Vodorodnaya Khrupkost’ Metallov (M.: Metallurgiya, 1967)
  5. Kolachev B A Vodorodnaya Khrupkost’ Tsvetnykh Metallov (M.: Metallurgiya, 1966); Translated into English, Kolachev B A Hydrogen Embtittlement Of Nonferrous Metals (Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1968)
  6. Gel’d P V, Ryabov R A Vodorod v Metallakh i Splavakh (M.: Metallurgiya, 1974)
  7. Beloglazov S M Navodorozhivanie Stali pri Elektrokhimicheskikh Protsessakh (L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1975)
  8. Maksimov E G, Pankratov O A Usp. Fiz. Nauk 116 385 (1975); Maksimov E G, Pankratov O A Sov. Phys. Usp. 18 481 (1975)
  9. Pokhmurskii V I, Shved M M, Yaremchenko N Ya Vliyanie Vodoroda na Protsessy Deformirovaniya i Razrusheniya Zheleza i Stali (Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1977)
  10. Gel’d P V, Ryabov R A, Kodes E S Vodorod i Nesovershenstva Struktury Metalla (M.: Metallurgiya, 1979)
  11. Marichev V A Zashchita Metallov 16 (5) 531 (1980)
  12. Hirth J P Metal. Trans. A 11 861 (1980)
  13. Alefeld G, Völkl J (Eds) Hydrogen In Metals Vol. 1 (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1978); Alefel’d G, Fel’kl’ I (Red.) Vodorod v Metallakh Vol. 1 (M.: Mir, 1981)
  14. Alefeld G, Völkl J (Eds) Hydrogen In Metals Vol. 2 (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1978); Alefel’d G, Fel’kl’ I (Red.) Vodorod v Metallakh Vol. 2 (M.: Mir, 1981)
  15. Shapovalov V I Vliyanie Vodoroda na Strukturu i Svoistva Zhelezouglerodistykh Splavov (M.: Metallurgiya, 1982)
  16. Birnbaum H K In Atom. Fract.: Proc. NATO Adv. Res. Inst. (New York, 1983) p. 733, Discuss. p. 766
  17. Savchenkov E A, Aitkulov P P Korroziya Zashchita Metallov (6) 29 (1983)
  18. Oriani R A, Hirth J P, Smialowski M (Eds) Hydrogen Degradation Of Ferrous Alloys (Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Publ., 1985)
  19. Gel’d P V, Ryabov R A, Mokhracheva L P Vodorod i Fizicheskie Svoistva Metallov i Splavov: Gidridy Perekhodnykh Metallov (M.: Nauka, 1985)
  20. Kolachev B A Vodorodnaya Khrupkost’ Metallov (M.: Metallurgiya, 1985)
  21. Archakov Yu I Vodorodnaya Korroziya Stali (M.: Metallurgiya, 1985)
  22. Shved M M Izmenenie Ekspluatatsionnykh Svoistv Zheleza i Stali pod Vliyaniem Vodoroda (Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1985)
  23. Nosov V K, Kolachev B A Vodorodnoe Plastifitsirovanie pri Goryachei Deformatsii Titanovykh Splavov (M.: Metallurgiya, 1986)
  24. Ageev V N i dr. Vzaimodeistvie Vodoroda s Metallami (Otv. red. A P Zakharov) (M.: Nauka, 1987)
  25. Fukai Y The Metal – Hydrogen System: Basic Bulk Properties (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1993)
  26. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E, Kats M Ya Vodorod i Mekhanicheskoe Posledeistvie v Metallakh i Splavakh (Perm’: Izd-vo PGU, 1993)
  27. Beloglazov S M Elektrokhimicheskii Vodorod i Metally: Povedenie, Bor’ba s Okhrupchivaniem (Kaliningrad: Izd-vo Kaliningradskogo gos. un-ta, 2004)
  28. Goltsov V A (Ed.) Progress In Hydrogen Treatment Of Materials (Donetsk: Coral Gables Kassiopeya Ltd, 2001)
  29. Nechaev Yu S Usp. Fiz. Nauk 171 1251 (2001); Nechaev Yu S Phys. Usp. 44 1189 (2001)
  30. 3rd Intern. Conf. “Hydrogen Treatment of Materials” (HTM-2001), Donetsk – Mariupol, May 14 – 18, 2001, Abstracts Book
  31. 2nd Intern. Conf. on Environmental Degradation of Engineering Materials, EDEM’2003, 30 June – 3 July 2003, Bordeaux, France, Abstracts Book
  32. 2nd Intern. Workshop “Interaction of Hydrogen Isotopes with Structural Materials”, 12 – 16 April, 2004, Sarov, Russia, Abstracts Book
  33. Intern. Symp. on Metal – Hydrogen Systems: Fundamentals and Applications, 5 – 10 Sept., 2004, Krakow, Poland, Abstracts Book
  34. 2nd Intern. Symp. on Hydrogen in Matter (ISOHIM), 13 – 17 June, 2005, Uppsala, Sweden, Abstracts Book
  35. 3rd Intern. Conf. on Environmental Degradation of Engineering Materials, EDEM’2007, 21 – 24 May, 2007, Gdańsk – Jastrzebia Góra, Poland, Abstracts Book
  36. Galland I, Azou P, Bastien P C.R. Acad. Sci. C 268 27 (1969)
  37. Asano S, Otsuka R Scripta Met. 10 1015 (1976)
  38. Lunarska E et al. Scripta Met. 17 705 (1983)
  39. Flis J, Janko A Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. Ser. Sci. Chim. 12 (1) 17 (1982)
  40. Flis J Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. Ser. Sci. Chim. 12 809 (1964)
  41. Flis J, Smialowski M Scripta Met. 13 641 (1979)
  42. Lunarska E, Wokulski Z Acta Met. 30 2173 (1982)
  43. Lunarska E Wplyw Wodoru Na Plastyczne Wlasnosci Zelaza (Zeszyty Nauk Akad. Gorniczo-Hutnicza, No. 997, Met. Odlewnictno, No. 101) (Krakow, 1984) p. 66
  44. Kimura A, Matsui H, Kimura H Trans. Jpn. Inst. Met. Suppl. 21 541 (1980)
  45. Park C G et al. Scripta Met. 14 279 (1980)
  46. Kimura A, Birnbaum H K Scripta Met. 21 53 (1987)
  47. Tabata T, Birnbaum H K Scripta Met. 18 231 (1984)
  48. Tabata T Bull. Jpn. Inst. Met. 24 485 (1985)
  49. Hagi H, Hayashi Y, Ohtani N J. Jpn. Inst. Met. 42 (2) 124 (1978)
  50. Hagi H, Hayashi Y J. Soc. Mater. Sci. Jpn. 37 1442 (1988)
  51. Zakrochimski T Zashchita Metallov 19 733 (1983)
  52. Lee J-L, Lee J-Y J. Mater. Sci. 22 3939 (1987)
  53. Choo W Y J. Mater. Sci. 19 2633 (1984)
  54. Gel’d P V i dr. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 261 660 (1981)
  55. Gel’d P V i dr. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 267 659 (1982)
  56. Spivak L V i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 58 1215 (1984)
  57. Skryabina N E i dr. Izv. AN SSSR. Metally (1) 145 (1984)
  58. Aizentson E G i dr. Izv. Vuzov. Chernaya Metallurgiya (8) 74 (1985)
  59. Aizentson E G i dr. Izv. Vuzov. Chernaya Metallurgiya (4) 76 (1985)
  60. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 60 1037 (1985)
  61. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E, Kuznetsov E V Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 61 205 (1986)
  62. Kats M Ya, Skryabina N E Pis’ma ZhTF 12 21 (1986); Kats M Ya, Skryabina N E Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12 9 (1986)
  63. Gel’d P V, Kats M Ya, Spivak L V Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 286 106 (1986); Gel’d P V, Kats M Ya, Spivak L V Sov. Phys. Dokl. 31 71 (1986)
  64. Gel’d P V, Kats M Ya, Spivak L V Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 64 406 (1987)
  65. Gel’d P V i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 65 114 (1988)
  66. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Mekhanizmy Uprochneniya i Svoistva Metallov (Otv. red. S A Golovin) (Tula: Izd-vo TPI, 1988) p. 61
  67. Kats M Ya, Spivak L V Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 59 (2) 196 (1989); Kats M Ya, Spivak L V Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 34 252 (1989)
  68. Spivak L V i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. (6) 142 (1991)
  69. Spivak L V, Kats M Ya Izv. AN SSSR. Metally (1) 189 (1992)
  70. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 76 (5) 141 (1993)
  71. Spivak L V Izv. Vuzov. Chernaya Metallurgiya (8) 52 (1993)
  72. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 79 (4) 87 (1995); Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Phys. Met. Metallogr. 79 414 (1995)
  73. Skryabina N E, Spivak L V Mezhdunar. Nauch. Zhurn. «Al’ternativnaya Energetika Ekologiya» (1) 176 (2000)
  74. Skryabina N E, Spivak L V Izv. RAN. Ser. Fiz. 67 1411 (2003); Skryabina N E, Spivak L V Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci. Phys. 67 1557 (2003)
  75. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Mezhdunar. Nauch. Zhurn. «Al’ternativnaya Energetika Ekologiya» (3) 85 (2003)
  76. Kuz’min S L i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 57 612 (1984)
  77. Likhachev V A Izv. Vuzov. Fizika (5) 20 (1985); Likhachev V A Sov. Phys. J. 28 355 (1985)
  78. Likhachev V A, Kuz’min S L, Kamentseva Z P Effekt Pamyati Formy (L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1987)
  79. Likhachev V A, Patrikeev Yu I, Shupletsov V N Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 61 121 (1986)
  80. Andrievskii R A Materialovedenie Gidridov (M.: Metallurgiya, 1986)
  81. Mueller W M, Blackledge J P, Libowitz G G (Eds) Metal Hydrides (New York: Academic Press, 1968); Myuller V, Blekledzh D, Libovits D (Red.) Gidridy Metallov (M.: Atomizdat, 1973)
  82. Antonova M M Svoistva Gidridov Metallov. Spravochnik (Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1975)
  83. Andrievskii R A, Umanskii Ya S Fazy Vnedreniya (M.: Nauka, 1977)
  84. Muetterties E L (Eds) Transition Metal Hydrides (New York: M. Dekker, 1971); Myuttertiz E (Red.) Gidridy Perekhodnykh Metallov (M.: Mir, 1975)
  85. Goldschmidt H J Interstitial Alloys (New York: Plenum Press, 1967); Gol’dshmidt Kh Dzh Splavy Vnedreniya (M.: Mir, 1971)
  86. Dotsenko V I "Relaksatsiya napryazhenii v kristallakh" Preprint №1 (Khar’kov: Fiz.-tekhn. in-t nizkikh temperatur AN USSR, 1979)
  87. Butt M Z, Sani M Y J. Natur. Sci. Math. 26 (2) 69 (1986)
  88. Mazzolai F M Z. Phys. Chem. 145 (1 - 2) 199 (1985)
  89. Bilenko I A i dr. Vest. MGU. Ser. 3 Fiz. Astron. 30 (5) 90 (1989)
  90. Bonneville J Rev. Phys. Appl. 23 677 (1988)
  91. Paterson M S Mech. Mater. 2 103 (1983)
  92. Abramova A P i dr. Metallofizika 8 (2) 28 (1986)
  93. Larikov L N, Isaichev V I Diffuziya v Metallakh i Splavakh (Struktura i svoistva metallov i splavov) (Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1987)
  94. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Pis’ma ZhTF 21 (1) 20 (1995); Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Tech. Phys. Lett. 21 8 (1995)
  95. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 81 (5) 165 (1996); Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Phys. Met. Metallogr. 81 574 (1996)
  96. Flanagan T B, Schober T, Wenzl H Acta Met. 33 685 (1985)
  97. Peshcherenko M P, Spivak L V Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (5) 24 (1999)
  98. Gol’tsov V A, Machikina I Yu, Timofeev N I Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 50 1299 (1980)
  99. Skryabina N E, Spivak L V, Timofeev N I Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 64 1038 (1987)
  100. Spivak L V i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 64 798 (1987)
  101. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 91 (4) 63 (2001); Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Phys. Met. Metallogr. 91 383 (2001)
  102. Goltsov V A et al. In Progress In Hydrogen Treatment Of Materials (Ed. V A Goltsov) (Donetsk: Coral Gables Kassiopeya Ltd, 2001) p. 95
  103. Gol’tsov V A, Red’ko A L, Glukhova Zh L Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 95 (1) 21 (2003); Gol’tsov V A, Red’ko A L, Glukhova Zh L Phys. Met. Metallogr. 95 17 (2003)
  104. Gol’tsov V A, Glukhova Zh L Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 90 (4) 68 (2000); Gol’tsov V A, Glukhova Zh L Phys. Met. Metallogr. 90 382 (2000)
  105. Goltsov V A, Vlasenko N B In Progress In Hydrogen Treatment Of Materials (Ed. V A Goltsov) (Donetsk: Coral Gables Kassiopeya Ltd, 2001) p. 203
  106. Puzanova I M i dr. Izv. Vuzov. Fizika (11) 7 (1979); Puzanova I M et al. Sov. Phys. J. 22 1129 (1979)
  107. Bucur R V Surf. Coat. Technol. 28 413 (1986)
  108. Kleperis J J et al. Phys. Status Solidi A 81 K121 (1984)
  109. Wicke E, Blaurock J J. Less Common Met. 130 351 (1987)
  110. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Pis’ma ZhTF 20 (16) 20 (1994); Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Tech. Phys. Lett. 20 653 (1994)
  111. Choo W Y J. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn. 70 1442 (1984)
  112. Okrainets P M, Pishchak V K Metallofiz. 7 (3) 73 (1985)
  113. Bystrov L N, Tsepelev A B Izv. AN SSSR. Metally (4) 171 (1984)
  114. Tien J K, Yen C T Adv. Criog. Eng. 30 319 (1983)
  115. Bonneville J Rev. Phys. Appl. 23 677 (1988)
  116. Lepin G F Polzuchest’ Metallov i Kriterii Zharoprochnosti (M.: Metallurgiya, 1976)
  117. Čadek J Creep Kovových Materiálú (Praha: Academia, 1984); Translated into English, Čadek J Creep In Metallic Materials (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1988); Chadek I Polzuchest’ Metallicheskikh Materialov (M.: Mir, 1987)
  118. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 58 200 (1984)
  119. Tanabe T, Yamanishi Y, Imoto S Trans. Jpn. Inst. Met. 2 (1) 1 (1984)
  120. Gupta I, Li J C M Met. Trans. 1 2323 (1970)
  121. Smialowski M Scripta Met. 13 393 (1979)
  122. Oriani R A, Josephic P H Met. Trans. 11 1803 (1980)
  123. Oriani R A In Atom. Fract.: Proc. NATO Adv. Res. Sust. (New York, 1983) p. 795
  124. Volke J In Metal Hydrides: Proc. NATO Adv. Study Inst. (New York, 1981) p. 105
  125. Kubashevski O Diagrammy Sostoyaniya Dvoinykh Sistem na Osnove Zheleza (M.: Metallurgiya, 1985)
  126. Zav’yalov A S Izv. Vuzov. Chernaya Metallurgiya (1) 102 (1986)
  127. Kripyakevich V N i dr. Fiziko-khimicheskaya Mekhanika Materialov 7 (3) 60 (1971)
  128. Lange K W, Konig N J Forschungsber. Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen (2566) 66 (1976)
  129. Choo W Y et al. J. Mater. Sci. 16 1285 (1981)
  130. Vasilenko N I i dr. Fiziko-khimicheskaya Mekhanika Materialov 18 (3) 16 (1982)
  131. Yamanishi Y et al. Trans. Jpn. Inst. Met. 24 (1) 49 (1983)
  132. Schurmann E et al. Stel. Res. 57 (11) 546 (1986)
  133. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E J. Adv. Mater. (2) 147 (1995)
  134. Isakov M G, Izotov V I, Filippov G A Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 90 (4) 105 (2000); Isakov M G, Izotov V I, Filippov G A Phys. Met. Metallogr. 90 418 (2000)
  135. Izotov V I, Pozdnyakov V A, Filippov G A Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 91 (5) 84 (2001); Izotov V I, Pozdnyakov V A, Filippov G A Phys. Met. Metallogr. 91 509 (2001)
  136. Hirth J P, Carnahan B Acta Met. 26 1795 (1978)
  137. Wang Y-B, Chu W-Y, Hsiao C-M Scripta Met. 19 1161 (1985)
  138. Zhang T-Y, Chu W-Y, Hsiao C-M Scripta Met. 20 225 (1986)
  139. Li J C M, Park C G, Ohr S M Scripta Met. 20 371 (1986)
  140. Li J C M et al. Scripta Met. 21 1595 (1987)
  141. Rodríguez M V, Ficalora P J Scripta Met. 20 615 (1986)
  142. Rodríguez M V, Ficalora P J Mater. Sci. Eng. 85 43 (1987)
  143. Bondarenko I E, Nikitenko V I v Sb. Problemy Prochnosti i Plastichnosti Tverdykh Tel (Otv. red. S N Zhukov) (L.: Nauka, 1979) p. 244
  144. Mikitishin S I Fiziko-khimicheskaya Mekhanika Materialov 20 (3) 23 (1984)
  145. Fishgoit A V, Kolachev B A v Sb. Vzaimodeistvie Defektov Kristallicheskoi Reshetki i Svoistva Metallov (Otv. red. S A Golovin) (Tula: TPU, 1984) p. 3
  146. Troitskii O A, Kalymbetov P U Izv. AN SSSR. Metally (3) 85 (1981)
  147. Troitskii O A, Kalymbetov P U Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 51 1056 (1981)
  148. Spitsyn V I, Troitskii O A Elektroplasticheskaya Deformatsiya Metallov (M.: Nauka, 1985)
  149. Tabata T, Birnbaum H K Scripta Met. 17 947 (1983)
  150. Matsui H Bull. Jpn. Inst. Met. 23 (16) 425 (1984)
  151. Robertson I M, Birnbaum H K Scripta Met. 18 269 (1984)
  152. Robertson I M, Birnbaum H K Asta Met. 34 353 (1986)
  153. Robertson I M et al. Scripta Met. 18 841 (1984)
  154. Spivak L V Izv. Vuzov. Chernaya Metallurgiya (8) 52 (1993)
  155. Kats M Ya, Spivak L V v Sb. Vnutrennee Trenie i Dislokatsionnaya Struktura Metallov (Otv. red. S A Golovin) (Tula: TPI, 1990) p. 83
  156. Lotkov A I, Grishkov V N Izv. Vuzov. Fizika 28 (5) 68 (1985); Lotkov A I, Grishkov V N Sov. Phys. J. 28 390 (1985)
  157. Fedotov S G Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 270 625 (1983)
  158. Pushin V G i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 66 350 (1988)
  159. Kondrat’ev V V i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 66 359 (1988)
  160. Asaoka T et al. J. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 38 (11) 497 (1986)
  161. Schmidt R et al. J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1 2473 (1989)
  162. Chao J et al. in Hydrogen Systems: Intern. Symp., Beijing, China, 7 – 11 May, 1985, Papers Vol. 1 (Eds D Nejat Veziroġlu, Z Yajie, B Deyou) (Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press, 1986) p. 445
  163. Stepanov I A, Flomenblit Yu M, Zaimovskii V A Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 55 612 (1983)
  164. Shorshorov M Kh i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 60 326 (1985)
  165. Shorshorov M Kh i dr. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 283 370 (1985); Shorshorov M Kh et al. Sov. Phys. Dokl. 30 611 (1985)
  166. Shorshorov M Kh i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 64 498 (1987)
  167. Maslenkov S B i dr. Metallovedenie Termicheskaya Obrabotka Materialov (10) 6 (1988)
  168. Maslenkov S B i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 66 307 (1988)
  169. Adachi Y et al. J. Jpn. Inst. Met. 54 525 (1990)
  170. Spivak L V Vest. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (4) 171 (1994)
  171. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E, Khachin V N Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 79 (4) 138 (1995); Spivak L V, Skryabina N E, Khachin V N Phys. Met. Metallogr. 79 450 (1995)
  172. Libowitz G G, Maeland A J J. Less Common Met. 101 131 (1984)
  173. Maeland A J in Rapidly Quenched Metals: Proc. of the 5th Intern. Conf., Würzhurg, Germany, Sept. 3 – 7, 1984 Vol. 2 (Eds S Steeb, H Warlimont) (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1985) p. 1507
  174. Roshchupkin V V i dr. v Sb. Teplofizika Kondensirovannykh Sred (Otv. red. I I Novikov) (M.: Nauka, 1985) p. 95
  175. Koster U, Schroeder H In Glass — Current Issues (Proc. NATO ASI, Ser. E, No. 92, Eds A F Wright, J Dupuy) (Dordrecht: Martinus Nÿhoff Publ., 1985) p. 86
  176. Chambron A in Rapidly Quenched Metals: Proc. of the 5th Intern. Conf., Würzburg, Germany, Sept. 3 – 7, 1984 Vol. 2 (Eds S Steeb, H Warlimont) (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1985) p. 1549
  177. Kirchheim R Acta Met. 30 1069 (1982)
  178. Flis J et al. Acta Met. 35 2071 (1987)
  179. Spivak L V, Khonik V A, Skryabina N E Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 65 (5) 104 (1995); Spivak L V, Khonik V A, Skryabina N E Tech. Phys. 40 463 (1995)
  180. Khonik V A, Spivak L V Acta. Mater. 44 367 (1996)
  181. Skryabina N E, Spivak L V Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (4) 171 (1995)
  182. Monokhin A I i dr. Amorfnye Splavy (M.: Metallurgiya, 1984)
  183. Sudzuki K, Fudzimori Kh, Khasimoto K Amorfnye Metally (M.: Metallurgiya, 1987)
  184. Skryabina N E i dr. Pis’ma ZhTF 22 (23) 36 (1996); Skryabina N E et al. Tech. Phys. Lett. 22 965 (1996)
  185. Skryabina N E i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 83 (3) 139 (1997); Skryabina N E et al. Phys. Met. Metallogr. 83 331 (1997)
  186. Khominskii M A i dr. Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (4) 3 (1998)
  187. Skryabina N E, Petrov A S Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (4) 21 (1998)
  188. Spivak L V, Skryabina N Ye Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 24 795 (1999)
  189. Skryabina N E i dr. Pis’ma ZhTF 26 (21) 26 (2000); Skryabina N E et al. Tech. Phys. Lett. 26 947 (2000)
  190. Kinev A S i dr. Mezhdunar. Nauch. Zhurn. «Al’ternativnaya Energetika Ekologiya» 1 174 (2000)
  191. Skryabina N E i dr. Materialovedenie (6) 29 (2001)
  192. Brechko T M i dr. Pis’ma ZhTF 30 (9) 68 (2004); Breczko T M et al. Tech. Phys. Lett. 30 383 (2004)
  193. Berry B S, Pritchet W C J. Appl. Phys. 52 1865 (1981)
  194. Berry B S, Pritchet W C Phys. Rev. B 24 2299 (1981)
  195. Berry B S, Pritchet W C Z. Phys. Chem. Neue Folge 163 381 (1989)
  196. Pavlov V V O «krizise» Kineticheskoi Teorii Zhidkosti i Zatverdevaniya (Ekaterinburg: Ural’skaya gos. gorno-geologicheskaya akademiya, 1997)
  197. Polukhin V A Stroenie i svoistva metallicheskikh i shlakovykh rasplavov: IX Vseross. konf., Ekaterinburg Vol. 1 (1989) p. 19
  198. Skryabina N E, Spivak L V Izv. RAN. Ser. Fiz. 65 1384 (2001); Skryabina N E, Spivak L V Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Phys. 65 1574 (2001)
  199. Spivak L V Sorosovskii Obrazovatel’nyi Zhurn. (10) 108 (1999)
  200. Skryabina N E, Spivak L V Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (6) 13 (2000)
  201. Skryabina N, Spivak L J. Alloys Compounds 356 - 357 630 (2003)
  202. Skryabina N et al. J. Metastable Nanocryst. Mater. 20 - 21 517 (2004)
  203. Matveeva N M i dr. Izv. AN SSSR. Metally (4) 171 (1989)
  204. Rösner H et al. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 273 - 275 733 (1999)
  205. Shelyakov A V et al. In Shape Memory Alloys: Fundamentals, Modelling And Industrial Applications (Eds F Trochu, V Brailovski, A Galibois) (Warrendale, PA: Minerals, Metals, & Materials Soc., 1999) p. 295
  206. Vintaikin E Z i dr. Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 90 (4) 85 (2000); Vintaikin E Z et al. Phys. Met. Metallogr. 90 398 (2000)
  207. Rösner H et al. Acta Mater. 49 1541 (2001)
  208. Potapov P L, Shelyakov A V, Sxhryvers D Scripta Mater. 44 (1) 1 (2001)
  209. Skryabina N E, Spivak L V, Shelyakov A V Pis’ma ZhTF 30 (7) 25 (2004); Skryabina N E, Spivak L V, Shelyakov A V Tech. Phys. Lett. 30 270 (2004)
  210. Spivak L V i dr. Pis’ma ZhTF 30 (19) 1 (2004); Spivak L V et al. Tech. Phys. Lett. 30 799 (2004)
  211. Spivak L V i dr. Izv. RAN. Ser. Fiz. 69 1302 (2005); Spivak L V et al. Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Phys. 69 1459 (2005)
  212. Cpivak L V i dr. Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (1) 21 (2005)
  213. Cpivak L V i dr. Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (1) 17 (2005)
  214. Spivak L V i dr. Fundamental’nye Problemy Sovremennogo Materialovedeniya 2 (2) 105 (2005)
  215. Skryabina N E i dr. Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (1) 83 (2006)
  216. Spivak L V i dr. Mezhdunar. Nauch. Zhurn. «Al’ternativnaya Energetika Ekologiya» (1) 37 (2007)
  217. Spivak L V i dr. Vestn. Permskogo Universiteta. Ser. Fizika (1) 106 (2007)
  218. Spivak L V, Skryabina N E Izv. Vuzov. Chernaya Metallurgiya (4) 43 (1991)
  219. Nicolis G, Prigogine I Self-Organization In Nonequilibrium Systems (New York: Wiley, 1977); Nikolis G, Prigozhin I Samoorganizatsiya v Neravnovesnykh Sistemakh (M.: Mir, 1979)
  220. Aoki K In Progress In Hydrogen Treatment Of Materials (Ed. V A Goltsov) (Donetsk: Coral Gables. Kassiopeya Ltd, 2001) p. 353
  221. Shapovalov V I, Grigorovich V I Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 267 877 (1982)
  222. Shapovalov V I, Karpov V Yu Fiziko-khimicheskaya Mekhanika Materialov 18 (3) 38 (1982)
  223. Shapovalov V I, Karpov V Yu Fiz. Met. Metalloved. 55 805 (1983)
  224. Khachaturyan A G Teoriya Fazovykh Prevrashchenii i Struktura Tverdykh Rastvorov (M.: Nauka, 1974)
  225. Ustinovshchikov Yu I, Pushkarev B E Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176 611 (2006); Ustinovshchikov Yu I, Pushkarev B E Phys. Usp. 49 593 (2006)
  226. Katsnel’son A A, Olemskoi A I Mikroskopicheskaya Teoriya Neodnorodnykh Struktur (M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1987)

© 1918–2020 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions