Reviews of topical problems

Hydrogen in nanostructures

Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russian Federation

The present experimental knowledge of the properties of hydrogen nanostructures is reviewed. The behavior of hydrogen is discussed for nanomaterials made from metals, alloys, intermetallics, and semiconductors (silicon, germanium, etc.), as well as from fullerenes and carbon and other nanotubes. Methods for fabricating nanostructures from these objects are briefly outlined. Structural features, defects, solubility and diffusion mobilities, and thermodynamic and physical properties are discussed. Some aspects still to be clarified are pointed out.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU2007v050n07ABEH006297
PACS: 61.43.Dq, 61.46.−w, 61.48.+c, 81.07.−b (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2007v050n07ABEH006297
Citation: Andrievski R A "Hydrogen in nanostructures" Phys. Usp. 50 691–704 (2007)
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Оригинал: Андриевский Р А «Водород в наноструктурах» УФН 177 721–735 (2007); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0177.200707b.0721

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