Magnetic effects induced by sp impurities and defects in nonmagnetic sp materials
Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Urals Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Pervomayskaya 91, Ekaterinburg, 620219, Russian Federation
This paper is a review of the state-of-the-art research concerning the first-principle simulation, synthesis, properties, and application prospects of a new class of magnetic materials obtained by doping nonmagnetic sp compounds (oxides, chalcogenides, and borides of nontransition sp elements) or nanostructures (carbon, BN, AlN, and MgO nanotubes) with nonmagnetic sp impurities or nanostructures
involving structural vacancies or topological defects.