Instruments and methods of investigation

An accelerator-driven system for the destruction of nuclear waste

European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland

Progress in particle accelerator technology makes it possible to use a proton accelerator to produce energy and to destroy nuclear waste efficiently. The energy amplifier (EA) proposed by Carlo Rubbia and his group is a subcritical fast neutron system driven by a proton accelerator. It is particularly attractive for destroying, through fission, transuranic elements produced by presently operating nuclear reactors. The EA could also efficiently and at minimal cost transform long-lived fission fragments using the concept of adiabatic resonance crossing (ARC), recently tested at CERN with the TARC experiment. The ARC concept can be extended to several other domains of application (production of radioactive isotopes for medicine and industry, neutron research applications, etc.).

PACS: 28.41.Bm, 28.50.−k, 89.30.Gg (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2003v046n07ABEH001332
Citation: Revol Je-P "An accelerator-driven system for the destruction of nuclear waste" Phys. Usp. 46 725–732 (2003)
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Оригинал: Риволь Ж-П «Электроядерная установка для уничтожения ядерных отходов» УФН 173 747–755 (2003); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0173.200307d.0747

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