Issues

 / 

2003

 / 

July

  

Instruments and methods of investigation


An accelerator-driven system for the destruction of nuclear waste


European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland

Progress in particle accelerator technology makes it possible to use a proton accelerator to produce energy and to destroy nuclear waste efficiently. The energy amplifier (EA) proposed by Carlo Rubbia and his group is a subcritical fast neutron system driven by a proton accelerator. It is particularly attractive for destroying, through fission, transuranic elements produced by presently operating nuclear reactors. The EA could also efficiently and at minimal cost transform long-lived fission fragments using the concept of adiabatic resonance crossing (ARC), recently tested at CERN with the TARC experiment. The ARC concept can be extended to several other domains of application (production of radioactive isotopes for medicine and industry, neutron research applications, etc.).

PACS: 28.41.Bm, 28.50.−k, 89.30.Gg (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2003v046n07ABEH001332
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2003/7/e/
Citation: Revol Je-P "An accelerator-driven system for the destruction of nuclear waste" Phys. Usp. 46 725–732 (2003)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Оригинал: Риволь Ж-П «Электроядерная установка для уничтожения ядерных отходов» УФН 173 747–755 (2003); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0173.200307d.0747

References (23) ↓ Cited by (6) Similar articles (6)

  1. Rubbia C et al., CERN-AT-95-44-ET (Sept. 29, 1995); Rubbia C, in Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications: Proc. of the Conf., Las Vegas, NV, July 1994 (AIP Conf. Proc., Vol. 346, Eds E D Arthur, A Rodriguez, S O Schriber, Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics, 1995) p. 44
  2. Andriamonje S et al. Phys. Lett. B 348 697 (1995)
  3. Mandrillon P et al., "High-intensity cyclotron drivers for ADS, EET group" (in press); Schriber S O, Mandrillon P, in Proc. of the 2nd Intern. Conf. on Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications, Kalmar, Sweden, June 3 – 7, 1996 Vol. 2 (Ed. H Condé, Stockholm: Uppsala Univ., 1997) p. 1163
  4. Stammbach S et al., in Proc. of the 2nd Intern. Conf. on Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications, Kalmar, Sweden, June 3 – 7, 1996 Vol. 2 (Ed. H Condé, Stockholm: Uppsala Univ., 1997) p. 1013
  5. Schriber S O, in Proc. of the 2nd Intern. Conf. on Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications, Kalmar, Sweden, June 3 – 7, 1996 (Ed. H Condé, Stockholm: Uppsala Univ., 1997); http://www.lansce.lanl.gov/
  6. Flament J L "General overview of the TRISPAL project", http://www.zam.kfa-juelich.de/iff/termine/IWSMT2/Abstract/flament.html
  7. Drell S D "Accelerator production of tritium (APT)", JSR-92-310 (Jan., 1992); http://apt.lanl.gov/index.html
  8. Mizumoto M et al., in Proc. of the 3rd Intern. Conf. on Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications: ADTT’99, Prague, Czech Republic, June 7 – 11, 1999
  9. Gardner I S K et al., in The European Spallation Source: ESS Study, ESS 97-75-M. Vols 1 – 3 (March, 1997); http://www.ess-europe.de/documentation/ESSvol2b.pdf
  10. Kustom R L, in Proc. of the 20th Intern. Linac Conf., Monterey, CA, USA, Aug. 21 – 25, 2000; eConf (C000821) TU101 (2000); physics/0008212; http://www.sns.gov/contacts/contacts.htm
  11. "Swiss Spallation Neutron Source SINQ", Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland; http://sinq.web.psi.ch/
  12. Buono S et al., in Proc. of the Workshop on Heavy Liquid Metal Thermal-Hydraulics, April 12 – 13, 1999, Brasimone, Italy (Brasimone: ENEA, 1999); http://www.crs4.it
  13. ANSALDO, CRS4, ENEA, INFN, Energy Amplifier Demonstration Facility, Reference Configuration ANSALDO Summary Report, EA B0.00 1 200 — Rev. 0 (Jan., 1999)
  14. Rouault J et al., in Proc. ANS Topical Meeting on Advances in Reactor Physics, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA, April 11 – 15, 1994 (La Grande Park, Ill.: American Nuclear Society, 1994)
  15. Rubbia C et al., CERN-LHC-97-01-EET (Feb., 1997)
  16. Hijikata T et al., in Proc. of the Intern. Conf. and Technology Exposition on Future Nuclear Systems: Emerging Fuel Cycles and Waste Disposal Options, Global’93, Sept. 12 – 17, 1993, Seattle, Washington, USA Vol. 2 (La Grande Park, Ill.: American Nuclear Society, 1993) p. 1074
  17. Rubbia C, CERN-AT-95-58-ET (Dec. 29, 1995)
  18. Rubbia C, CERN-LHC-97-04-EET (June 22, 1997)
  19. Arnould H et al. Phys. Lett. B 458 167 (1999); Arnould H et al., CERN-SL-99-036-EET (July 26, 1999); Report to the European Union, DGXII, EUR 19117 EN
  20. "Neutron-Driven Element Transmuter", PCT/EP97/03218
  21. Rubbia C et al., CERN-LHC-98-02-EET (May 30, 1998); CERN-LHC-98-02-EET-ADD-1 (June 15, 1998); Abramovich S et al., CERN-SPSC-99-8, CERN-SPSC-P-310 (17 March, 1999)
  22. Rubbia C "Report of the Working Group on a Preliminary Assessment of a New Fission Fragment Heated Propulsion Concept and its Applicability to Manned Missions to the Planet Mars", Italian Space Agency, Rome, April 1, 1999
  23. Rubbia C, private communication

© 1918–2020 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions