Issues

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2002

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July

  

Reviews of topical problems


Periodic weather and climate variations


Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

Variations in meteorological parameters are largely due to periodic processes and can be forecast for several years. Many such processes are related to astronomical factors such as the gravitational influences of the Moon and the Sun, and the modulation of solar irradiance by lunar and planetary motion. The Moon, Jupiter, and Venus have the strongest effect. These influences produce lines in the spectra of meteorological variations, which are combinations of the harmonics of the frequencies of revolution of the planets, the Earth, and the Moon around the Sun with the harmonics of the lunar revolution around the Earth. Due to frequency differences between the orbital and radial motions, fine spectral features of three types appear: line splitting, line-profile complications due to radial oscillations, and additional lines due to the combination of radial-oscillation frequencies with perturbation harmonics.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available on IOP Science.
PACS: 92.10.Hm, 92.60.We, 92.70.Gt (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2002v045n07ABEH000948
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2002/7/c/
Citation: Ivanov V V "Periodic weather and climate variations" Phys. Usp. 45 719–752 (2002)
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Оригинал: Иванов В В «Периодические колебания погоды и климата» УФН 172 777–811 (2002); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0172.200207c.0777

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