Reviews of topical problems

Coherent four-wave mixing in excited and ionized gas media: four-photon spectrochronography, ellipsometry, and nonlinear-optical imaging of atoms and ions

 a,  b
a International Laser Center of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorobevy gory, Moscow, 119992, Russian Federation
b Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1 build. 2, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

A review of the main directions of development, the most promising new techniques, and urgent applications of coherent four-photon methods of investigation of excited and ionized gas media is presented. It is demonstrated that the methods of coherent four-wave mixing (FWM) provide important spectrochronographic information on atoms and ions, allow selective studies of separate components of nonstationary gas and plasma systems with a complex composition using polarization-sensitive four-photon spectroscopy and coherent ellipsometry, and permit nonlinear-optical imaging of the spatial distribution of atoms and ions in excited gases and plasmas.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 42.62.Fi, 42.65.k, 51.70.+f, 52.25.b (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1999v042n04ABEH000561
Citation: Zheltikov A M, Koroteev N I "Coherent four-wave mixing in excited and ionized gas media: four-photon spectrochronography, ellipsometry, and nonlinear-optical imaging of atoms and ions" Phys. Usp. 42 321–351 (1999)
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Оригинал: Желтиков А М, Коротеев Н И «Когерентные четьрехволновые процессы в возбужденных и ионизованных газовых средах: четырехфотонная спектрохронография, эллипсометрия и визуализация пространственного распределения атомов и ионов» УФН 169 385–417 (1999); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0169.199904b.0385

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