Issues

 / 

1997

 / 

August

  

Reviews of topical problems


The nature of neutrino mass and the phenomenon of neutrino oscillations

 a,  b,  b
a State Research Center Institute ofHigh Energy Physics, ul. Pobedy 1, Protvino, Moscow Region, 142280, Russian Federation
b Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

Various aspects of the neutrino mass problem are discussed in the light of existing model predictions and extensive experimental data. Generation mechanisms are considered and possible gauge-theory neutrino mass hierarchies, in particular the most popular ’flipped see-saw’ models, are discussed. Based on the currently available astrophysical data on the integral density of matter in the Universe and on the spectral anisotropy of the relic cosmic radiation, the cosmological implications of a non-zero neutrino mass are described in detail. Results from various mass-measuring methods are presented. Considerable attention is given to heavy neutrino oscillations. Oscillation mechanisms both in vacuum and in matter are considered in detail. Experiments on oscillations at low and high energies and new generation large-flight-base facilities are described. The present state of research into oscillations of solar and atmospheric neutrinos is reviewed.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available on IOP Science.
PACS: 14.60.Pq, 12.15.Ff (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1997v040n08ABEH000272
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/1997/8/b/
Citation: Gershtein S S, Kuznetsov E P, Ryabov V A "The nature of neutrino mass and the phenomenon of neutrino oscillations" Phys. Usp. 40 773–806 (1997)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

:   ,   ,    «   » 167 811–848 (1997); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0167.199708b.0811

References (288) ↓ Cited by (16) Similar articles (20)

  1. Pauli V An unpublished letter to the Physical Society of Tubingen Reprinted in: Brown L M Physics Today (9) 23 (1930)
  2. Fermi E ZS. Phys. 88 161 (1934)
  3. Weinberg S, in Proc. of the XXVI Int. Conf. on HEP (New York, 1993) p. 346
  4. Pontecorvo B, Preprint PD-205 (Chalk River, 1946)
  5. Reines F, Cowen C L Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 8304 (1953)
  6. Lee T D, Yang C N Phys. Rev. 104 254 (1956); Landau L Nucl. Phys. 3 127 ( 1957)
  7. Garwin R, Lederman L, Weinrich M Phys Rev. 105 1415 (1957)
  8. Pontecorvo B M Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 37 1751 (1959) [Sov. Phys. JETP 37 1236 (1960)]
  9. Danby G et al. Phys. Rev Lett. 9 36 (1962)
  10. Lederman L M Usp. Fiz. Nauk 160 299 (1990) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 33 199 (1990)]
  11. Glashow S L Nucl. Phys. 22 579 (1961)
  12. Weinberg S Phys. Rev. Lett. 19 1264 (1967)
  13. Salam A, in Elementary Particle Theory, Relativistic Group and Analyticity, Lerum, Sweden, 19-25 May 1968 (London: Wiley, 1968) p. 367
  14. Hasert F J et al. Phys. Lett. B 46 138 (1973)
  15. Hasert F J et al. Phys. Lett. B 46 121 (1973)
  16. Glashow S L, Iliopoulos J, Maiani L Phys. Rev. D 2 1285 (1970)
  17. Benvenuti A et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 34 419 (1975)
  18. Perl M L et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 35 1489 (1975)
  19. Herb S W et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 39 252 (1977)
  20. Arnison G et al. Phys. Lett. B 122 103 (1983)
  21. Pontecorvo B M Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 33 49 (1957) [Sov. Phys. JETP 6 429 (1958)]
  22. Pontecorvo B M Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 34 247 (1958) [Sov. Phys. JETP 34 172 (1958)]
  23. Maki Z, Nakagawa M, Sakata S Prog. Theor. Phys. 28 870 (1962)
  24. Pontecorvo B M Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28 493 (1967) [Sov. Phys. JETP 26 984 (1968)]
  25. Gribov V, Pontecorvo B Phys. Lett. B 28 493 (1969)
  26. Pontecorvo B M Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 141 675 (1983) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 26 575 (1983)]
  27. Bilen’ky C M Fiz. Elem. Chastits At. Yadra 18 449 (1987) [Sov. J. Part. Nuclei 18 188 (1987)]
  28. Gell-Mann M, Ramond P, Slansky R, in Proc. of the Supergravity Work-shop at Stony Brook (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1979) p. 315
  29. Belesev A I et al. Phys. Lett. B 350 263 (1995)
  30. Lobashev V, in Proc. of 27th Int. Conf. on HEP (Glasgow, Scotland, 1994)
  31. Assamagan K et al. Phys. Lett. B 335 231 (1994)
  32. ALEPH Collaboration, Preprint CERN-PPE/94-107 (Geneve, 1994)
  33. Berezinsky V, Preprint INFN 93-85 (Gran Sasso, 1993)
  34. Mikheev S P, Smirnov A Yu Usp. Fiz. Nauk 153 3 (1987) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 30 3 (1987)]
  35. Rubbia C, Preprint CERN-PPE/93-08 (Geneve, 1993)
  36. Revol J P, Preprint CERN-PPE/93-84 (Geneve, 1993)
  37. Abreu P et al. Nucl. Phys. Ser. B 418 403 (1994)
  38. Acciarri M, Adam A, Adriani O Z. Phys. 62 551 (1994)
  39. Akers R et al. Z. Phys. 61 19 (1994)
  40. Buskulic D, Casper D, De Bonis I Z. Phys. 62 539 (1994)
  41. LEP Electroweak Working Group, Preprint LEPEWWG/94-01 (1994)
  42. Bilenky S M, Pontecorvo B M Phys. Lett. B 95 233 (1980)
  43. Kobzarev I Yu et al. Yad. Fiz. 32 1590 (1980) [Sov. J. Nucl. Phys.]
  44. Barger V et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 45 692 (1980)
  45. Barger V et al. Z. Phys. C 8 63 (1981)
  46. Kobayashi M, Maskawa T Progr. Theor. Phys. 49 652 (1973)
  47. Georgi H, Glashow S L Phys. Rev. Lett. 28 1494 (1972)
  48. Gelmini G B, Roncadelli M Phys. Lett. B 99 411 (1981)
  49. Georgi H, Glashow S L, Nussinov S Nucl. Phys. B 193 297 (1981)
  50. Shchepkin M G Usp. Fiz. Nauk 143 513 (1984) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 27 413 (1984)]
  51. Barber D P et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 43 830 (1979)
  52. Chikashige Y, Mohapatra R N, Peccei R D Phys. Lett. B 98 265 (1981)
  53. Hayashi T, Karino T, Yanagida T Progr. Theor. Phys. 60 1066 (1978)
  54. Georgi H, Glashow S L Phys. Rev. Lett. 32 438 (1974)
  55. Higgs P W Phys. Lett. 12 132 (1964)
  56. Higgs P W Phys. Rev. 145 1156 (1966)
  57. Georgi H, Nanopoulos D V Phys. Lett. B 82 392 (1979)
  58. Georgi H, Nanopoulos D V Nucl. Phys. B 155 52 (1979)
  59. Georgi H, Nanopoulos D V Nucl. Phys. B 159 16 (1979)
  60. Bludman S A, Kennedy C, Langacker P G Phys. Rev. D 45 1810 (1992)
  61. Dimopoulos S, Hall L, Raby S Phys. Rev. Lett. 68 1984 (1992)
  62. Dimopoulos S, Hall L, Raby S Phys. Rev. D 45 4192 (1992)
  63. Ellis J, Fogli G L, Lisi E Phys. Lett. B 274 456 (1992)
  64. Ellis J, Lopez J L, Nanopoulos D V Phys. Lett. B 292 189 (1992)
  65. Antoniadis I et al. Phys. Lett. B 194 231 (1987)
  66. Barr S M Phys. Rev. D 40 2457 (1989)
  67. Leontaris G, Nanopoulos D V Phys. Lett. B 212 327 (1988)
  68. Abel S Phys. Lett. B 234 113 (1990)
  69. Leontaris G, Vergados J D Phys. Lett. B 305 242 (1993)
  70. Kalara S, Lopez J L, Nanopoulos D V Phys. Lett. B 245 421 (1990)
  71. Kalara S, Lopez J L, Nanopoulos D V Nucl. Phys. B 353 650 (1991)
  72. Lopez J L, Nanopoulos D V Phys. Lett. B 251 73 (1990)
  73. Zel’dovich Ya B, Novikov I D Stroenie i Evolyutsiya Vselennoi (Structure and Evolution of the Universe, Moscow: Nauka, 1975)
  74. Faber S M, Gallagher J J Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 17 135 (1979)
  75. Fabricant D, Gorenstein P Astrophys. J. 267 535 (1983)
  76. Mushotzky R, in Proc. Relativistic Astrophysics and Particle Cosmology. Texas. 1992 (Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 1993) Vol. 688, p. 1984
  77. Walker T P et al. Astrophys. J. 376 51 (1991)
  78. Heggi D J, Olive K A Astrophys. J. 303 56 (1986)
  79. Zel’dovich Ya B Usp. Fiz. Nauk 89 647 (1966) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 9 547 (1966)]
  80. Gershtein S S, Zel’dovich Ya B Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 4 174 (1966) [JETP Lett. 4 120 (1966)]
  81. Cowsik R, McClelland J Phys. Rev. Lett. 29 669 (1972)
  82. Szalay A S, Marx G Astron. Astrophys. 49 437 (1976)
  83. Landau L D, Lifshitz E M Statisticheskaya Fizika Ch 1 (Statistical Physics Part 1, Moscow: Nauka, 1990)
  84. Mather J C et al. Astrophys. J. 420 439 (1994)
  85. Schramm D N Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 12 383 (1974)
  86. Steigman G, Schramm D N, Gunn J E Phys. Lett. B 66 202 (1977)
  87. Doroshkevich A G et al. Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 6 457 (1980) [Sov. Astron. Lett.]
  88. Dolgov A D, Zel’dovich Ya B Usp. Fiz. Nauk 130 559 (1980) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 23 459 (1980)]
  89. Zel’dovich Ya B, Khlopov M Yu Usp. Fiz. Nauk 135 45 (1981) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 24 40 (1981)]
  90. Peebles P J E Astrophys. J. 258 415 (1982)
  91. Shandarin S F, Doroshkevich A G, Zel’dovich Ya B Usp. Fiz. Nauk 139 83 (1983) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 26 63 (1983)]
  92. Guth A H Phys Rev. D 23 347 (1981)
  93. Linde A D Phys. Lett. B 108 389 (1982)
  94. Albrecht A, Steinhardt P J Phys. Rev. Lett. 48 1220 (1982)
  95. Linde A D Usp. Fiz. Nauk 144 177 (1984) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 27 150 (1984)]
  96. Zel’dovich Ya B Astrofizika 6 319 (1970)
  97. Zel’dovich Ya B, Shandarin S F Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 8 259 (1982) [Sov. Astron. Lett.]
  98. Zel’dovich Ya B Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 8 195 (1982) [Sov. Astron. Lett.]
  99. Smoot G F et al. Astrophys. J. 396 L1 (1992)
  100. Berezinsky V, Masiero A, Valle J Phys. Lett. B 266 382 (1991)
  101. Harari H Phys. Lett. B 216 413 (1989)
  102. Dodelson S et al., Preprint Fermilab-Pub-94/026-A (1994)
  103. Dobyns Y Astrophys. J. Lett. 329 5 (1988)
  104. Albrecht A, Stebbins A Phys. Rev. Lett. 69 2615 (1992)
  105. Fisher K B et al. Astrophys. J. 402 42 (1993)
  106. Taylor A N, Rowan-Robinson M Nature (London) 359 396 (1992)
  107. Ostriker J B Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 31 689 (1993)
  108. Bergkvist K-E Nucl. Phys. B 39 317 (1972)
  109. Lubimov V A et al. Phys. Lett. B 94 266 (1980)
  110. Boris S et al. Phys. Lett. B 159 217 (1985)
  111. Fritschi M et al. Phys. Lett. B 173 485 (1986)
  112. Kawakami H et al. Phys. Lett. B 256 105 (1991)
  113. Holzsehuh E, Fritschi M, Kundig W Phys. Lett. B 287 381 (1992)
  114. Robertson R G H et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 67 957 (1991)
  115. Winheimer Ch et al. Phys. Lett. B 300 210 (1993)
  116. Albrecht H et al. Phys. Lett. B 292 221 (1992)
  117. Cinabro D, Henderson S, Kinoshita K Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 3700 (1993)
  118. Vergados J D Nucl. Phys. B 218 109 (1983)
  119. Vergados J D Phys. Rep. 133 1 (1986)
  120. Wolfenstein L Phys. Lett. B 107 77 (1981)
  121. Hennecke E W, Manuel O K, Sabu D D Phys. Rev. C 11 1378 (1975)
  122. Alston-Garnjost M et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 831 (1993)
  123. Vuilleumier J -C et al. Phys. Rev. D 48 1009 (1993)
  124. Balysh A et al. Phys. Lett. B 283 32 (1992)
  125. Zuber K et al., in Proc. 27 Int. Conf. on HEP (Glasgow, Scotland: 1994)
  126. Bolton R D et al. Phys. Rev. D 38 2077 (1988)
  127. Arisaka K et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 1049 (1993)
  128. Shrock R E Phys. Rev. D 24 1232 (1981)
  129. Shrock R E Nucl. Phys. B 206 359 (1982)
  130. Berezhiani Z G, Vysotsky M I Phys. Lett. B 199 281 (1987)
  131. Wietfeldt F E, Norman E B Phys. Rep. 273 151 (1996)
  132. Bergsma F et al. Phys. Lett. B 128 361 (1983)
  133. De Leener-Rosier N et al. Phys. Lett. B 177 228 (1986)
  134. Britton D I et al. Phys. Rev. D 49 28 (1994)
  135. Dorenbosch J et al. Phys. Lett. B 166 473 (1986)
  136. Bernardi G et al. Phys. Lett. B 203 332 (1988)
  137. Konoplich R V, Khlopov M Yu Yad. Fiz. 57 452 (1994)
  138. Zatsepin G T Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 8 333 (1968) [JETP Lett. 8 205 (1968)]
  139. Imshennik V S, Nadezhin D K Usp. Fiz. Nauk 156 561 (1988) [Phys. Usp. 31 461 (1988)]
  140. Bowers R, Wilson J R Astrophys. J. 263 366 (1982)
  141. Woosley S E et al. Astrophys. J. 318 664 (1987)
  142. Morrison D R Usp. Fiz. Nauk 156 461 (1988) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 31 361 (1988)]
  143. Hirata K J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 58 1490 (1987)
  144. Hirata K J et al. Phys. Rev. D 38 448 (1988)
  145. Hirata K J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 61 2653 (1988)
  146. Nakahata M et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 55 3786 (1986)
  147. Bionta R M et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 51 27 (1983)
  148. Haines T J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 57 1986 (1986)
  149. Bionta R M et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 58 1494 (1987)
  150. Becker-Szen dy R et al., Preprint VINER-92-6 (Boston: Boston University, 1992)
  151. Aglietta M et al. Nuovo Cimento C 9 185 (1986)
  152. Dadykin V L et al. Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 45 464 (1987) [JETP Lett. 45 593 (1987)]
  153. Aglietta M et al. Europhys. Lett. 3 1315 (1987)
  154. Alekseev E N et al. Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 45 461 (1987) [JETP Lett. 45 589 (1987)]
  155. Alexeyev E N et al. Phys. Lett. B 205 209 (1988)
  156. Dadykin V L, Zatsepin G T, Ryazhskaya O Usp. Fiz. Nauk 158 139 (1989) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 32 100 (1989)]
  157. Bahcall J Neutrinos Astrophysics (Cambridge: Cambr. Univ. Press, 1989) [Translated into Russian (Moscow: Mir, 1993)]
  158. Bahcall J N, Glashow S L Nature (London) 326 476 (1987)
  159. Kolb E W, Stebbins A J, Turner M S Phys. Rev. D 35 3598 (1987)
  160. Spergel D N, Bahcall J N Phys. Lett. B 200 366 (1988)
  161. Spergel D N, Weinberg D H, Gott J R Phys. Rev. D 38 2014 (1988)
  162. Abbott L F, de Rujula A, Walker T P Nucl. Phys. B 299 734 (1988)
  163. Avignone F T, Collar J I Phys. Rev. D 41 682 (1990)
  164. Wolfenstein L Phys. Rev. D 17 2369 (1978)
  165. Wolfenstein L Phys. Lett. B 107 77 (1981)
  166. Lewis R R Phys. Rev. D 21 663 (1980)
  167. Langacker P, Leveille J P, Sheiman J Phys. Rev. D 27 1228 (1983)
  168. Mikheev S P, Smirnov A Yu Yad. Fiz. 42 1441 (1985) [Sov. J Nucl. Phys. 42 913 (1985)]
  169. Ermilova V K, Tsarev V A, Chechin V A Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 43 353 (1986) [JETP Lett. 43 453 (1986)]
  170. Zharkov V N Vnutrennee Stroenie Zemli i Planet (Internal Structure of Earth and Planets, Moscow: Nauka, 1983)
  171. Vasil’ev P S et al. Yad. Fiz. 58 2210 (1995)
  172. Kajita T, in Proc. Workshop on Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation (Ed. M Goodman, FNAL, Illinois, USA, 1992) p. 145
  173. Boehm F, Vogel P Physics of Massive Neutrinos (Cambridge: Cambr. Univ. Press, 1987) [Translated into Russian (Moscow: Mir, 1990)]
  174. Borovoi A A, Khakimov S Kh Neitrinnye Eksperimenty na Yadernykh Reaktorakh (Neutrino Experiments Using Nuclear Reactors, Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1990)
  175. Boehm F et al. Phys. Lett. B 97 310 (1980)
  176. Kwon H et al. Phys. Rev. D 24 1097 (1981)
  177. Gabathuler K et al. Phys. Lett. B 138 449 (1984)
  178. Zacek G et al. Phys. Rev. D 34 2621 (1986)
  179. Cavaignac J F et al. Phys. Lett. B 148 387 (1984)
  180. Afonin A I et al. Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94 (2) 1 (1988) [Sov. Phys. JETP 67 213 (1988)]
  181. Vidyakin G S et al. Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 98 764 (1990) [Sov. Phys. JETP 71 424 (1990)]
  182. Reines F Nucl. Phys. A 396 469 (1983)
  183. Boehm F, Vogel P Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 34 125 (1984)
  184. Vogel P Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 38 204 (1995)
  185. Krastev P I, Petrov S T Phys. Lett. B 229 99 (1993)
  186. Krauss L M, Gates E, White M Phys. Lett. B 298 94 (1993)
  187. Krauss L M, Gates E, White M Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 375 (1993)
  188. Bergsma F et al. Z. Phys. C 40 171 (1988)
  189. Dydak F et al. Phys. Lett. B 134 281 (1984)
  190. Stockdale I E et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 52 1384 (1984)
  191. Angelini C et al. Phys. Lett. B 179 307 (1986)
  192. Ahrens L A et al. Phys. Rev. D 31 2732 (1985)
  193. Astier P et al. Phys. Lett. B 220 646 (1989)
  194. Brucker E B et al. Phys. Rev. D 34 2183 (1986)
  195. Ammosov V et al. Z. Phys. C 40 487 (1988)
  196. Erriquez O et al. Phys. Lett. B 102 73 (1981)
  197. Baker N J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 47 1576 (1981)
  198. Ushida N et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 57 2897 (1986)
  199. Batusov Y A et al. Z. Phys. C 48 209 (1990)
  200. Gruwe M et al. Phys. Lett. B 309 463 (1993)
  201. Armenise N et al., Preprint CERN-PPE/93-131 (Geneve, 1993)
  202. Winter K, Preprint CERN-PPE/95-165 (Geneve, 1995)
  203. Asakawa T et al. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 340 458 (1994)
  204. Aoki S et al. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 344 143 (1994)
  205. Buontempo S et al. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 344 85 (1994)
  206. Astier P et al., Preprint CERN-SPSLC/91-48 (Geneve, 1991)
  207. Eggert E et al. Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 38 40 (1995)
  208. Otten E Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 38 26 (1995)
  209. Carrigan R A, Preprint Fermilab-Pab-95/365 (1995)
  210. Bulgakov M K et al., Preprint IFVE 95-18 (Protvino, 1995)
  211. Dar A, Eilam G, Gronau M Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 38 56 (1995)
  212. Goodman M Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 38 337 (1995)
  213. Ball A et al., Preprint CERN-SL/92-75 (Geneve, 1992)
  214. Cennini P et al. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 345 230 (1994)
  215. ICARUS collaboration, Preprint LNGS-94/99-II (May, 1994)
  216. Benetti P et al., Preprint LNGS -95/59 (September, 1995)
  217. Bari G et al. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 277 11 (1989)
  218. Cecchini S et al. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 264 18 (1988)
  219. Ambrosio M et al. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 363 604 (1995)
  220. Cavanna F, Preprint CERN -PPE/95-133 (Geneve, 1995)
  221. Alner G J et al., LNGS-GENIUS Proposal (May, 1994)
  222. Resvanis L K et al. Nucl. Phys. B 35 294 (1994)
  223. Totsuka Y, ICRR Report 227-90-20 (1990)
  224. Nakamura K, ICRR Report 309-94-4 (1994)
  225. Nishikama T, in Proc. in the Workshop on Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation (Fermilab., November 17-20, 1991) p. 171
  226. E-889 Collaboration Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiment (BNL Design Report 52459. April, 1995)
  227. Thron J L Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 283 642 (1989)
  228. Ables E et al. (P-875) A Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiment at Fermilab (February, 1995)
  229. Berezinsky V S, Zatsepin G T Usp. Fiz. Nauk 122 3 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 30 3 (1977)]
  230. A Neutrino Beam from MI FNAL to DUMAND (Fermilab Letter of Intend P-824, October, 1990)
  231. Adams A et al., Preprint GRANDE facility SSC-90/07 (1990)
  232. Isaev P S, Tsarev V A Fiz. Elem. Chastits At. Yadra 21 5 (1990)
  233. Materialy Rabochego Soveshchaniya `UNK-600’. Protvino, 23-24 noyabrya 1993 (Abstracts of UNK-600 Workshop, Protvino: Izd IFVE, 1994)
  234. Aref’ev A S et al., Preprint IFVE 94-36 (Protvino: Izd. IFVE, 1994)
  235. Fedotov Yu et al., Preprint IHEP 94-34 (1994)
  236. Belolaptikov J A et al. Nucl. Phys. B 19 338 (1991)
  237. Belolaptikov J A et al., in Proc. of the 23rd Int. Cosmic Ray Conf., Calgary, 1993 (University of Calgary, 1993) Vol. 4, p. 573
  238. Bahcall J N et al. Rev. Mod. Phys. 54 767 (1982)
  239. Bahcall J N, Ulrich R K Rev. Mod. Phys. 60 297 (1988)
  240. Bahcall J N, Pinsonneault M N Rev. Mod. Phys. 64 885 (1992)
  241. Davis R Phys. Rev. Lett. 12 303 (1964)
  242. Bahcall J N, Davis R Science 191 264 (1976)
  243. Davis R, Mann A K, Wolfenstein L Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 39 467 (1989)
  244. Davis R, in Proc. of 21 Intern. Cosmic Ray Conf. (Ed. R J Protheroe, Adelaide: University of Adelaide Press, 1990) p. 143
  245. Anselmann P et al. Phys. Lett. B 314 445 (1993)
  246. Anselmann P et al. Phys. Lett. B 342 440 (1995)
  247. Pomansky A A Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 271 254 (1988)
  248. Abazov A I et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 67 3332 (1991)
  249. Hirata K S et al. Phys. Rev. D 44 2241 (1991)
  250. Hirata K S et al. Phys. Lett. B 280 146 (1992)
  251. Kennedy D, Langasker P Nucl. Phys. B 374 373 (1992)
  252. Anselmann P et al. Phys. Lett. B 285 390 (1992)
  253. Krastev P I, Petcov S T Phys. Lett. B 299 99 (1992)
  254. Voloshin M B, Visotsky M I, Okun’ L B Zh. Eksp Teor. Fiz. 91 754 (1986) [Sov. Phys. JETP 64 446 (1986)]
  255. Akhmedov E Kh Yad. Fiz. 48 475 (1988)
  256. Lim C-S, Marciano W J Phys. Rev. D 37 1368 (1988)
  257. Frieman J, Haber H E, Freese K Phys. Lett. B 200 115 (1988)
  258. Gvozdev A A, Mikheev N V, Vasilevskaya L A Phys. Lett. B 289 103 (1992)
  259. Vasilevskaya L A, Gvozdev A A, Mikheev N B Yad. Fiz. 57 124 (1994)
  260. Krastev P I, Petcov S T Phys. Lett. B 285 85 (1992)
  261. Press W H, Spergel D N, in Dark Matter in the Universe (Eds J N Bahcall et al., Singapore: World Sci., 1988) p. 206
  262. Krauss L M, Gates E, White M Phys. Lett. B 298 94 (1993)
  263. Parke S Phys. Rev. Lett. 74 839 (1995)
  264. Ewan G T Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 314 373 (1992)
  265. Campanella M, in Proc. of the 3-rd Intern. Workshop on Neutrino Telescopes, 1991, Venezia (Venice), Italy (Ed. M Baldo-Geolin, Inst. Nazionale D.: Fizika Nucleare, 1991) p. 73
  266. De Rujula A, Glashow S L, Preprint CERN-TH6665/92 (Geneve, 1992)
  267. Laurenti G et al., Preprint CERN-LAA-PC/93-10 (Geneve, Feb. 1993)
  268. Becker-Szendy R. et al. Phys. Rev. D 46 378 (1992)
  269. Hirata K S et al. Phys. Lett. B 280 146 (1992)
  270. Berger et al. Phys. Lett. Ser. B 245 305 (1990)
  271. Goodman M C, in Proc. of 23 Intern. Cosmic Ray Conf. (Calgary, 1993) Vol. 4, p. 446
  272. Aglietta M et al. Europhys. Lett. 8 611 (1989)
  273. Fukuda J et al. Phys. Lett. B 335 205 (1994)
  274. Akhmedov E, Lipari P, Lisignoli C Phys. Lett. B 300 128 (1993)
  275. Gasperini M Phys. Rev. D 39 3606 (1989)
  276. Halprin A, Leung C N Nucl. Phys. B 28 139 (1992)
  277. Engel J et al. Phys. Rev. D 48 3048 (1993)
  278. Volkova L V Phys. Lett. B 316 178 (1993)
  279. Mann W A, Kafka T, Leeson W Phys. Lett. B 291 200 (1992)
  280. Perkins D H Astroparticle Phys. 2 249 (1994)
  281. Valle J W F Nucl. Phys. 26 91 (1991)
  282. Akhmedov E et al. Phys. Lett. B 69 3013 (1992)
  283. Dimopoulos S, Hall L J, Raby S Phys. Rev. D 47 R3697 (1993)
  284. Pantaleone J, Halprin A, Leung C Phys. Rev. D 47 R4199 (1993)
  285. Caldwell D, Mohapatra R Phys. Rev. D 50 3477 (1994)
  286. Dodelson S, Gyuk G, Turner M Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 3754 (1994)
  287. Learned J, Pakvasa S, Weiler T J Phys. Lett. B 207 79 (1988)
  288. Gonzalez-Garcia M C, Preprint CERN-TH/95-285 (1995)

© 1918–2019 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions