Physics of our days

Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter: what did we see

 a,  b,  a,  a,  c, a
a Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 127412, Russian Federation
b The Central Astronomical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences at Pulkovo, Pulkovskoe shosse 65/1, St. Petersburg, 196140, Russian Federation
c Max-Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Postfach 1312, Giessenbechstrasse 85748 , Garching, 85741, Germany

In July 1994, a dramatic event took place-the collision of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet with Jupiter. This collision has been accompanied by a great number of various effects in the atmosphere, ionosphere and magnetosphere of Jupiter. The comet impact became one of the most grandiose active experiments Nature has ever performed. Among the most interesting effects are bursts of radiation registered in a wide spectral range during the cometary fragments fall, the generation of giant gaseous plumes caused by impact, the formation of large-scale long-lived vortex structures in the Jovian atmosphere. Unexpected events were the significant brightening of the Jovian radiation belts during the cometary fragments impact, the peculiarities of polar aurorae induced by the impact, the weakening of the Io plasma torus brightness observed in the extreme UV range, etc. In the present review, the results of the comet impact with Jupiter are discussed and a unified physical model is suggested which explains consistently the basis observational data.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU1996v039n04ABEH000142
PACS: 96.50.Gn, 96.30.Kf (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1996v039n04ABEH000142
Citation: Fortov V E, Gnedin Yu N, Ivanov M F, Ivlev A V, Klumov B A "Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter: what did we see" Phys. Usp. 39 363–392 (1996)
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Оригинал: Фортов В Е, Гнедин Ю Н, Иванов М Ф, Ивлев А В, Клумов Б А «Столкновение кометы Шумейкер—Леви 9 с Юпитером: что мы увидели» УФН 166 391–422 (1996); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0166.199604c.0391

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