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Polarization instability and multistability in nonlinear optics

Temporal polarization instability is seen as an oscillatory or random variation in time of the polarization parameters of light interacting with a nonlinear system. Spatial polarization instability is the formation of ``frozen'' complex quasiperiodic or pseudochaotic distributions of the polarization parameters of a wave along the direction of propagation. The problem of polarization instability or multistability is intimately related to the polarization of eigenwaves in the nonlinear problem and their transformation as a result of ``hard'' and ``soft'' spontaneous polarization symmetry breaking. This paper presents a review of publications on polarization instabilities in passive nonlinear optical systems, including Fabry–Perot resonators, gyrotropic media, systems with strong two-photon absorption, birefringent crystals, fiber lightguides, and isotropic media.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU1989v032n04ABEH002702
PACS: 42.65.Pc, 42.65.Sf (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1989v032n04ABEH002702
Citation: Zheludev N I "Polarization instability and multistability in nonlinear optics" Sov. Phys. Usp. 32 357–375 (1989)
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Оригинал: Желудев Н И «Поляризационные неустойчивость и мультистабильность в нелинейной оптике» УФН 157 683–717 (1989); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0157.198904e.0683

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