Reviews of topical problems

Polarization of atomic ensembles in ionized gases

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a Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 127412, Russian Federation

Publications devoted to the polarization of the quantum states of ensembles of atomic particles in ionized gases and plasmas are reviewed. A theoretical description of the phenomenon is given and its relationship to anisotropic properties of plasmas is established. Methods of determining the polarization of the states of atomic ensembles from the polarization of the line spectrum of excited particles are described. Experimental studies of gas discharges, beam-plasma systems, and astrophysical objects are summarized. It is shown that the polarization of the quantum states of atoms can be observed over a wide range of plasma conditions.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU1988v031n09ABEH005620
PACS: 52.80.Hc, 52.80.Pi (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1988v031n09ABEH005620
Citation: Kazantsev S A, Polinovskaya N Ya, Pyatnitskii L N, Edel’man S A "Polarization of atomic ensembles in ionized gases" Sov. Phys. Usp. 31 785–809 (1988)
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Оригинал: Казанцев С А, Полыновская Н Я, Пятницкий Л Н, Эдельман С А «Поляризация атомных ансамблей в ионизованных газах» УФН 156 3–46 (1988); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0156.198809a.0003

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