Reviews of topical problems

Application of high-power lasers to study matter at ultrahigh pressures

 a,  b,  c
a L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
b Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
c Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 127412, Russian Federation

This article reviews the current status of studies by means of lasers of superdense nonideal plasmas. The main attention is paid to laser methods of generating plane steady-state shock waves with extremely high pressures. The role is discussed of various factors that complicate the design of laser experiments: generation of high-energy non-Maxwell electrons, plasma and hydrodynamic instabilities, restrictions on heat flux, etc. The advantages are pointed out of using highfrequency lasers and layered targets to obtain a plasma with extremal parameters.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU1984v027n03ABEH004036
PACS: 52.50.Jm, 52.35.Tc, 52.35.Py, 52.70.−m (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1984v027n03ABEH004036
Citation: Anisimov S I, Prokhorov A M, Fortov V E "Application of high-power lasers to study matter at ultrahigh pressures" Sov. Phys. Usp. 27 181–205 (1984)
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Оригинал: Анисимов С И, Прохоров А М, Фортов В Е «Применение мощных лазеров для исследования вещества при сверхвысоких давлениях» УФН 142 395–434 (1984); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0142.198403b.0395

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