Reviews of topical problems

General theory of van der Waals’ forces

, ,  a, b
a Kapitza Institute of Physical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Kosygina 2, Moscow, 117334, Russian Federation
b Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento and BDC Center, Povo, Trento, I-38050, Italy

1. Introduction
2. Methods of Quantum Field Theory in Statistical Physics 154
3. The Energy of a Condensed Body Associated with Long-Wave Electromagnetic Fluctuations 158
4. Molecular Forces between Solids 164
a) Derivation of the General Formula 164
b) Discussion of the General Formula and Limiting Cases 166
c) The Effect of Temperature 169
d) Interaction of Individual Atoms I70
5. Thin Films on the Surface of a Solid 171
a) Chemical Potential of a Film 171
b) Forces of Nonelectromagnetic Origin I74
c) Film of Liquid Helium 175
References I76

PACS: 68.15.+e, 67.70.+n, 65.20.+w (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1961v004n02ABEH003330
Citation: Dzyaloshinskii I E, Lifshitz E M, Pitaevskii L P "General theory of van der Waals' forces" Sov. Phys. Usp. 4 153–176 (1961)
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:   ,   ,    « -- » 73 381–422 (1961); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0073.196103b.0381

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