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Обзоры актуальных проблем


Катодное пятно вакуумной дуги

Введение. Экспериментальное исследование катодного пятна. Типы катодных пятен и их качественная характеристика. Некоторые методические особенности исследования приэлектродных областей вакуумной дуги. Характер движения катодного пятна. Обратное движение катодного пятна в магнитном поле. Время жизни катодного пятна. Величина тока в пятне. Плотность тока в катодном пятне. Эрозия катодов вакуумных дуг. Эрозия в паровой фазе. Катодные струи пара. Концентрация и температура частиц в катодном пятне. Катодное падение потенциала. Теоретическое описание теплового катодного пятна. Вводная часть. Законы эмиссии. Температура поверхности металлов в пятне. Слой объемного заряда и уравнение полного тока. Баланс энергии на поверхности электрода. Параметры, задаваемые при расчете. Расчет параметров прикатодной плазмы. Цитированная литература.

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PACS: 52.80.Mg, 52.80.Vp (все)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0125.197808c.0665
URL: https://ufn.ru/ru/articles/1978/8/c/
Цитата: Любимов Г А, Раховский В И "Катодное пятно вакуумной дуги" УФН 125 665–706 (1978)
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English citation: Lyubimov G A, Rakhovskii V I “The cathode spot of a vacuum arcSov. Phys. Usp. 21 693–718 (1978); DOI: 10.1070/PU1978v021n08ABEH005674

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