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Thermoelectric effect and thermoelectric generator based on carbon nanostructures: achievements and prospects

 a, b, c
a Ioffe Institute, ul. Polytekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russian Federation
b St. Petersburg Chemical-Pharmaceutical Academy, ul. prof. Popova 14, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russian Federation
c Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Politehnicheskaya st. 29, St. Petersburg, 195251, Russian Federation

Based on the ideas about the uniqueness of carbon nanostructures, the electron-phonon interaction is considered. A thermoelectric model based on the mechanism of the ballistic phonons electron drag is presented. The experiment with a thermoelectric generator based on film carbon nanostructures is analyzed. A thermal conductivity model based on the mechanism of heat transfer through the boundary of the graphite-like/diamond-like regions is presented. A thermoelectric generator based on a composite: a graphite-like matrix with inclusions of diamond nanoparticles, is proposed. Both considered mechanisms operate in it and record values of the thermoelectric generator parameter can be achieved. The graphene thermoelectric coefficient was calculated and a model of a thermoelectric generator based on a composite: a graphite-like matrix with graphene inclusions was proposed.

Keywords: thermoelectric generator, electron-phonon interaction, carbon nanostructures, electron ballistic phonon, graphite-like region, diamond-like region, heat transfer through the boundary of graphite-like/diamond-like regions, composite from a graphite-like matrix with inclusions of diamond nanoparticles, graphene, perspective thermoelectric generator parameters
PACS: 72.20.Pa, 44.10.+i, 73.40.Ns, 07.20.Pe, 65.80.Ck (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2020.06.038795
Citation: Eidelman E D "Thermoelectric effect and thermoelectric generator based on carbon nanostructures: achievements and prospects" Phys. Usp., accepted

Received: 19th, April 2020, revised: 26th, May 2020, 26th, June 2020

Оригинал: Эйдельман Е Д «Термоэлектрический эффект и термоэлектрический генератор на основе углеродных наноструктур: достижения и перспективы» УФН, принята к публикации; DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2020.06.038795

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