Accepted articles

Reviews of topical problems


Nonequilibrium phase transformations in alloys subjected to severe plastic deformation

 a,  a, b,  a, b, c,  d, e
a Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, S Kovalevskoi str. 18, Ekaterinburg, 620108, Russian Federation
b Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B N Yeltsin, prosp. Mira 19, Ekaterinburg, 620002, Russian Federation
c Institute of Quantum Materials Science, Konstruktorov str. 5, off 449, Yekaterinburg, 620007, Russian Federation
d Institute of Solid State Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademika Osip'yana str. 2, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, 142432, Russian Federation
e National University of Science and Technology ‘MISIS’, Leninskii prosp. 4, Moscow, 119049, Russian Federation

A review of existing experimental results and theoretical concepts of unusual phase transformations in severely plastic deformed (SPD) alloys is given. The achievable phase and structural state of these materials results in a unique combination of physic and chemical properties is attractive for technological applications. The driving forces and possible mechanisms of the realization of anomalous phase transformations depending on the intensity of SPD, and alloy composition and temperature are discussed. Based on results of systematic analysis, we distinguish two main, qualitatively different scenarios of development phase transformations under SPD condition, namely (i) the direct "mixing" of atoms in slip bands and (ii) due to the accelerated diffusion on defects in locally changed thermodynamic conditions and a "freezing" of the reached non-equilibrium state. The diagram of non-equilibrium stationary states attained in the alloy under SPD in dependence on the temperature and / or intensity of SPD has been proposed. The proposed approach provides to predict the attained structural state of the alloys and compounds for given thermodynamic parameters and kinetic condition of the system.

Keywords: severe plastic deformation, mechanical alloying, disordering, amorphisation, grain boundary segregations, mechanical mixing
PACS: 64.60.Cn, 64.70.K−, 61.50.Ks, 62.20.F− (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2019.10.038671
Citation: Razumov I K, Yermakov A Y, Gornostyrev Yu N, Straumal B B "Nonequilibrium phase transformations in alloys subjected to severe plastic deformation" Phys. Usp., accepted

Received: 6th, May 2019, 9th, October 2019

Оригинал: Разумов И К, Ермаков А Е, Горностырев Ю Н, Страумал Б Б «Неравновесные фазовые превращения в сплавах при интенсивной пластической деформации» УФН, принята к публикации; DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2019.10.038671

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