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On the 60th anniversary of the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. On the 100th anniversary of the birth G.I. Budker


Development of techniques for the cooling of ions

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Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. akad. Lavrenteva 11, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation

The historical development of techniques for cooling charged particles is presented. It was G.I. Budker, the founder and the first director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP), Novosibirsk, who initiated the development of cooling methods as a means of improving the performance of colliding beam facilities (now known as colliders). The electron cooling method proposed by G.I. Budker became the main subject of investigation at BINP. Today, many facilities ranging from the LHC to moderate university scale use the electron cooling of heavy ions in nuclear and atomic physics experiments with highly charged ions. The stochastic cooling method proposed by van der Meer has become the primary tool for accumulating and cooling antiprotons.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available here.
Keywords: colliding beams, collider, beam cooling, electron cooling, storage ring, beam
PACS: 29.20.db, 29.27.Bd (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2018.01.038297
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2018/5/c/
Citation: Dikanskii N S, Meshkov I N, Parkhomchuk V V, Skrinskii A N "Development of techniques for the cooling of ions" Phys. Usp. 61 424–434 (2018)
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Received: 15th, January 2018, 15th, January 2018

Оригинал: Диканский Н С, Мешков И Н, Пархомчук В В, Скринский А Н «Развитие методов охлаждения ионов» УФН 188 481–492 (2018); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2018.01.038297

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