On choosing the energy—momentum tensor in electrodynamics and on the Abraham force
Yu.A. Spirichev Research and Design Institute of Radioelectronic Engineering, Branch of M.V. Protsenko Federal Research and Development Center Production Association &guot;Start&guot;, Mira str. 1/1, Zarechnyi, Penza region, 442965, Russian Federation
The well-debated problem of choosing the energy—momentum tensor in electrodynamics is examined. Electromagnetic forces in a continuum medium that follow from Minkowski's and Abraham's tensors are considered. It is shown that the conservation equations for both Minkovski's momentum density and for Abraham's impulse simultaneously follow from Minkowski's tensor and that they are the components of a composite electromagnetic pulse in the medium. It is shown that choosing canonical material equations reduces the Abraham force to zero. Considerations are presented which uniquely favor choosing the Minkowski tensor and show the incompleteness of the Abraham tensor.
Keywords: the electromagnetic force, tensor of energy--momentum, Minkowski tensor, Abraham tensor, Abraham force PACS:03.50.De, 41.20.Jb (all) DOI:10.3367/UFNe.2017.11.038255 URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2018/3/e/ Citation: Spirichev Yu A "On choosing the energy—momentum tensor in electrodynamics and on the Abraham force" Phys. Usp.61 303–306 (2018)
T1 On choosing the energy—momentum tensor in electrodynamics and on the Abraham force
FD 10 Mar, 2018
JO Phys. Usp.
Received: 28th, January 2017, revised: 20th, November 2017, accepted: 29th, November 2017