Reviews of topical problems

Scale invariance of shallow seismicity and the prognostic signs of earthquakes

Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshaya Gruzinskaya ul. 10, Moscow, 123995, Russian Federation

The results of seismic investigations on the basis of methods of non equilibrium processes theory and self-similarity theory have showed that a shallow earthquake can be treated as a critical transition that occurs during the evolution of a nonequilibrium seismogenic system and is preceded by such phenomenon as the scale invariance of spatiotemporal seismic structures. The implication is that seismicity can be interpreted as a purely multifractal process. Modeling the focal domain as a fractal cluster of microcracks allows the prognostic signs of earthquakes actually observed in seismic data to be formulated. Seismic scaling permits the state of a seismogenic system to be monitored as the system approaches instability.

Fulltext pdf (748 KB)
Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2016.09.037970
Keywords: seismicity, multifractal measure, prognostic signs of earthquakes, seismic kinetics, scaling, fault field, seismic field, scaling correspondence
PACS: 91.30.−f, 91.30.Px (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2016.09.037970
Citation: Stakhovsky I R "Scale invariance of shallow seismicity and the prognostic signs of earthquakes" Phys. Usp. 60 472–489 (2017)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS) MedlineRefWorks
PT Journal Article
TI Scale invariance of shallow seismicity and the prognostic signs of earthquakes
AU Stakhovsky I R
FAU Stakhovsky IR
DP 10 May, 2017
TA Phys. Usp.
VI 60
IP 5
PG 472-489
RX 10.3367/UFNe.2016.09.037970
SO Phys. Usp. 2017 May 10;60(5):472-489

Received: 5th, July 2016, revised: 8th, September 2016, 20th, September 2016

Оригинал: Стаховский И Р «Масштабная инвариантность коровой сейсмичности и прогностические признаки землетрясений» УФН 187 505–524 (2017); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.2016.09.037970

© 1918–2023 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions