On the 100th anniversary of the birth of V.L. Ginzburg. From the history of physics
V.L. Ginzburg's helical elliptic polarization modes and their application
G.B. Malykin Federal Research Center Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Ulyanova 46, Nizhny Novgorod, 603000, Russian Federation
In 1943 V.L. Ginzburg derived a simple and elegant solution to the polarization optics problem for the case where a linear birefringent medium is uniformly twisted along the optical axis. In a torsion-comoving helical coordinate frame, mutually orthogonal polarization eigenmodes of such optical medium are characterized by two ellipses with the electric field vector bypassed in the opposite sense. Current applications of V.L. Ginzburg's theory are reviewed.