Physics of our days

Stochastic structure formation in random media

A M Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyzhevskii per. 3, Moscow, 109017, Russian Federation

Stochastic structure formation in random media is considered using examples of elementary dynamical systems related to the two-dimensional geophysical fluid dynamics (Gaussian random fields) and to stochastically excited dynamical systems described by partial differential equations (lognormal random fields). In the latter case spatial structures (clusters) may form with probability one in almost every system realization due to rare events happening with vanishing probability. The problems involving stochastic parametric excitation occur in fluid dynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, physics of plasma, astrophysics and radiophysics. A more complicated stochastic problem dealing with anomalous structures on the sea surface (the rogue waves) is also considered, where random Gaussian generation of sea surface roughness is accompanied by the parametric excitation.

Fulltext is available at IOP
Keywords: stochastic equations, intermittency, Lyapunov characteristic parameter, typical realization curve, dynamical localization, statistical topography, clustering
PACS: 05.40.−a, 05.45.−a, 46.65.+g, 47.27.−i (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0186.201601e.0075
Citation: Klyatskin V I "Stochastic structure formation in random media" Phys. Usp. 59 67–95 (2016)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Received: 29th, June 2015, revised: 19th, November 2015, 24th, November 2015

Оригинал: Кляцкин В И «Стохастическое структурообразование в случайных средах» УФН 186 75–104 (2016); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0186.201601e.0075

© 1918–2022 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions