Reviews of topical problems

Formation and properties of metallic atomic contacts

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Vorobevy gory, Moscow, 119899, Russian Federation

One of most topical and promising areas in present-day physics is the study of the physical properties of metallic few-atom contacts, which are attractive not only for their application prospects, but also because of their amenability to verification through theory-versus-experiment comparison. This review mainly focuses on theoretical approaches to understanding the formation processes and properties of metallic atomic contacts.

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Keywords: metallic nanowires, metallic nanocontacts, quantum conductance, nanomagnetism, spintronics
PACS: 73.63.Rt, 75.75.−c, 81.07.Lk (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0185.201510a.1009
Citation: Klavsyuk A L, Saletsky A M "Formation and properties of metallic atomic contacts" Phys. Usp. 58 933–951 (2015)
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Received: 23rd, June 2015, revised: 15th, July 2015, 15th, July 2015

Оригинал: Клавсюк А Л, Салецкий А М «Формирование и свойства металлических атомных контактов» УФН 185 1009–1030 (2015); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0185.201510a.1009

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