Tamm—Sakharov group in work on the first hydrogen bomb
Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
The review is an extended version of a report delivered at a session of the Department of Physical Sciences, the Department of Energetics, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanics, and Control Processes, and the Coordinate Council on Technical Sciences of the RAS devoted to the 60th anniversary of the first hydrogen bomb test. The significant physical ideas suggested by A D Sakharov and V L Ginzburg underlying our first hydrogen bomb, RDS-6s, and numerous concrete problems and difficulties which had to be solved and overcome during the design of thermonuclear weapons are presented. The understanding on the country’s leaders and the Atomic Project managers of the exceptional role of fundamental science in the appearance and implementation of our scientists’ concrete ideas and suggestions is emphasized.