Mechanical and thermal stability of graphene and graphene-based materials
O.R. Rakhmanova Institute of Industrial Ecology Ural Branch of RAS, Sof'ya Kovalevskaya str. 20-a, Ekaterinburg, 620219, Russian Federation
Graphene has rapidly become one of the most popular materials for technological applications and a test material for new condensed matter ideas. This paper reviews graphene mechanical properties and their related effects that have recently been discovered experimentally or predicted theoretically or by simulation. Topics discussed are of key importance for graphene's use in integrated electronics, thermal materials and electromechanical devices and include the following: graphene transformation to other sp2 hybridization forms; stability to stretching and compression; ion-beam-induced structural modifications; how defects affect the electronic properties; thermal stability (including that of related composites).