Instruments and methods of investigation

The methods of local interstellar medium investigation

Astro Space Centre, Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

The question of the Sun motion relative to the local interstellar medium (LISM) is examined. Results from Russian, US and French satellites and space probes on the observation of scattered solar radiation in hydrogen Lyman-alpha ($\lambda$ = 1215.7 Å) and helium ($\lambda$ = 584 Å) lines are presented. Data are briefly discussed on the direct registration inside the solar system of neutral helium atoms entering from LISM; as well as of helium pick up ions and of fast neutral hydrogen atoms. The fast neutral hydrogen atoms arise in the region of solar wind—LISM interaction.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0183.201309e.0963
PACS: 96.50.Ek, 96.50.Zc, 96.60.Vg (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0183.201309e.0963
Citation: Kurt V G, Mironova E N "The methods of local interstellar medium investigation" Phys. Usp. 56 910–918 (2013)
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Received: 5th, July 2012, revised: 2nd, October 2012, 9th, October 2012

Оригинал: Курт В Г, Миронова Е Н «Методы исследования локальной межзвёздной среды» УФН 183 963–972 (2013); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0183.201309e.0963

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