Conferences and symposia. A.D. Sakharov's 90th birthday commemoration

Tokamaks: from A D Sakharov to the present (the 60-year history of tokamaks)

National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. akad. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation

The paper is prepared on the basis of the report presented at the session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) at the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 25 May 2011, devoted to the 90-year jubilee of Academician Andrei D Sakharov — the initiator of controlled nuclear fusion research in the USSR. The 60-year history of plasma research work in toroidal devices with a longitudinal magnetic field suggested by Andrei D Sakharov and Igor E Tamm in 1950 for the confinement of fusion plasma and known at present as tokamaks is described in brief. The recent (2006) agreement among Russia, the EU, the USA, Japan, China, the Republic of Korea, and India on the joint construction of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER) in France based on the tokamak concept is discussed. Prospects for using the tokamak as a thermonuclear (14 MeV) neutron source are examined.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available on IOP Science.
PACS: 01.65.+g, 28.52.−s, 52.55.Fa (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0182.201202j.0202
Citation: Azizov E A "Tokamaks: from A D Sakharov to the present (the 60-year history of tokamaks)" Phys. Usp. 55 190–203 (2012)
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Received: 9th, September 2011, 25th, May 2011

:    «  ..   (60  )» 182 202–215 (2012); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0182.201202j.0202

A.D. Sakharov is author of Physics-Uspekhi

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