Issues

 / 

2011

 / 

June

  

Physics of our days


Rigorous results of nonequilibrium statistical physics and their experimental verification

 a, b
a Kapitza Institute of Physical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Kosygina 2, Moscow, 117334, Russian Federation
b Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento and BDC Center, Povo, Trento, I-38050, Italy

Rigorous relations of nonequilibrium statistical physics are discussed. An arbitrary system brought into a strongly nonequilibrium state by an external time-dependent impact is considered. Based on the Hamiltonian formalism of classical mechanics, the Bochkov—Kuzovlev equality, the Jarzynski equality, and Crooks reversal relations valid for fluctuations in the work done on a system are derived. Verification of these equalities in mechanical experiments with a torsion pendulum and biological objects (folded ribonucleic acids) is described.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 05.20.−y, 05.40.−a, 05.70.Ln (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0181.201106d.0647
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2011/6/d/
Citation: Pitaevskii L P "Rigorous results of nonequilibrium statistical physics and their experimental verification" Phys. Usp. 54 625–632 (2011)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Received: 18th, April 2011

Оригинал: Питаевский Л П «Строгие результаты неравновесной статистической физики и их экспериментальная проверка» УФН 181 647–654 (2011); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0181.201106d.0647

References (27) ↓ Cited by (13) Similar articles (6)

  1. Landau L D, Lifshits E M Statisticheskaya Fizika Vol. 1 (M.: Fizmatlit, 2001); Landau L D, Lifshitz E M Statistical Physics Vol. 1 (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1980)
  2. Onsager L Phys. Rev. 37 405 (1931)
  3. Onsager L Phys. Rev. 38 2265 (1931)
  4. Callen H B, Welton T A Phys. Rev. 83 34 (1951)
  5. Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 72 238 (1977); Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E Sov. Phys. JETP 45 125 (1977); Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E http://www.jetp.ac.ru/cgi-bin/dn/e_045_01_0125.pdf
  6. Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 76 1071 (1979); Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E Sov. Phys. JETP 49 543 (1979); Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E http://www.jetp.ac.ru/cgi-bin/dn/e_049_03_0543.pdf
  7. Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E Physica A 106 443 (1981)
  8. Bochkov G N, Kuzovlev Yu E Physica A 106 480 (1981)
  9. Jarzynski C Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 2690 (1997)
  10. Crooks G E Phys. Rev. E 60 2721 (1999)
  11. Crooks G E Phys. Rev. E 61 2361 (2000)
  12. Landau L D, Lifshits E M Mekhanika (M.: Fizmatlit, 2001); Landau L D, Lifshitz E M Mechanics (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1980)
  13. Hermans J J. Phys. Chem. 95 9029 (1991)
  14. Jarzynski C Phys. Rev. E 73 046105 (2006)
  15. Douarche F et al. Europhys. Lett. 70 593 (2005)
  16. Collin D et al. Nature 437 231 (2005)
  17. Chugunov A http://biomolecula.ru/content/218
  18. Hammer G, Szabo A Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98 3658 (2001)
  19. Liphardt J et al. Science 292 733 (2001)
  20. Liphardt J et al. Science 296 1832 (2002)
  21. Greenleaf W J et al. Science 319 630 (2008)
  22. Bustamante C, Liphardt J, Ritort F Phys. Today 58 (7) 43 (2005)
  23. Smith S B, Cui Y, Bustamante C Meth. Enzimology 361 134 (2003)
  24. Gallavotti G, Cohen E G D Phys. Rev. Lett. 74 2694 (1995)
  25. Campisi M, Hänggi P, Talkner P, Rev. Mod. Phys., in press; Campisi M, Hänggi P, Talkner P, arXiv:1012.2268
  26. Esposito M, Harbola U, Mukamel S Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 1665 (2009)
  27. Sagawa T, Ueda M Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 250602 (2009)

© 1918–2021 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions