From the history of physics. In honor of the 300th anniversary of the birth of M.V. Lomonosov

’Geniuses like this are very rare today...’

This paper gives insight into the context of how Lomonosov developed into a scientist and a physicist; reviews his major achievements in physics; discusses his epistemological method, and explores the major reasons for his tragedy as a physicist. The role of the poetically interpreted knowledge and science of nature in Lomonosov’s popularization activities is emphasized. The paper traces Lomonosov’s route from science and its popularization to the organization of higher and secondary education in Russia. How the perception of his genius changes with time is discussed.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available on IOP Science.
PACS: 01.55.+b, 01.65.+g (all)
DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0181.201111e.1187
Citation: Shcherbakov R N "'Geniuses like this are very rare today...'" Phys. Usp. 54 1147–1154 (2011)
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Received: 24th, September 2010, revised: 29th, May 2011, 13th, September 2011

Оригинал: Щербаков Р Н «„Нынче такие гении весьма редки...“» УФН 181 1187–1194 (2011); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0181.201111e.1187

M.V. Lomonosov is author of Physics-Uspekhi

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