Landau and modern physics
V.L. Pokrovsky a, b
a L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
b Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA
This article describes the history of the creation and further development of Landau’s famous works on phase transitions, diamagnetism of electron gas (Landau levels), and quantum transitions at a level crossing (the Landau — Zener phenomenon), and its role in modern physics.
This article is partially based on the text of my presentation given at the scientific-memorial session devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of L D Landau (1908 — 1968), held on 19 — 20 June 2008 in the Central House of Scientists, RAS, Moscow. The text of this article was created as a comment
to the anniversary edition of the collected papers of L D Landau in 2008,
but was not included in it for reasons independent of the author.