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2007

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February

  

Reviews of topical problems


Generalized hypothesis of the origin of the living-matter simplest elements, transformation of the Archean atmosphere, and the formation of methane-hydrate deposits

 a,  b
a L. Ya. Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry, Moscow, Russian Federation
b A M Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyzhevskii per. 3, Moscow, 109017, Russian Federation

The original hydrate hypothesis of the origin of living-matter simplest elements (LMSEs), i.e., the ‘Life Origination Hydrate hypothesis,’ abbreviated as the LOH hypothesis, is discussed. It includes notions of the interdependence and interconditionality of processes leading to the life origin, to the transformation of the primary atmosphere, and to the underground methane-hydrate formation. Saturation of the young earth’s crust with nebular hydrogen is taken into consideration for the first time. The origin of LMSEs is regarded as a result of regular and thermodynamically caused inevitable chemical transformations and of the universal physical and chemical laws. According to the LOH hypothesis, LMSEs originated repeatedly and, maybe, are now originating from methane (or other simple hydrocarbons), niter, and phosphate within boundary layers of the solid phases of the hydrates of the simplest hydrocarbons. It is assumed that the phenomenon of monochirality of nucleic acids is caused by geometric features of the structure matrix.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available on IOP Science.
PACS: 87.15.−v, 87.23.Kg, 92.60.Iv, 91.45.Nc (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2007v050n02ABEH006166
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2007/2/c/
Citation: Ostrovskii V E, Kadyshevich E A "Generalized hypothesis of the origin of the living-matter simplest elements, transformation of the Archean atmosphere, and the formation of methane-hydrate deposits" Phys. Usp. 50 175–196 (2007)
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Оригинал: Островский В Е, Кадышевич Е А «Обобщенная гипотеза происхождения простейших элементов живой материи, трансформации первичной атмосферы и образования залежей гидрата метана» УФН 177 183–206 (2007); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0177.200702c.0183

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