First-order relativistic effects in the electrodynamics of media moving with a nonuniform velocity

 a, b,  a
a S I Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya liniya 12, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation
b ITMO University, Kronverksky Pr. 49, bldg. A, St. Petersburg, 197101, Russian Federation

A systematic theory of first-order electrodynamic relativistic effects in media moving with a spatially nonuniform velocity is presented. A geometrical optics approach is developed and used to calculate the bending of rays and the change of polarization characteristics of radiation propagating through a continuous medium moving with a nonuniform velocity. Nonreciprocal (i.e., propagation direction-dependent) waveguides and lenses in media moving with a transversely nonuniform velocity are demonstrated. Radiation scattering (diffraction) by localized velocity nonuniformities is studied. Peculiarities of propagation of short-wave (X-ray) radiation in a moving medium are discussed, and some prospects for experimentation are reviewed.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU2006v049n04ABEH005940
PACS: 03.30.+p, 03.50.De, 41.20.−q, 42.25.−p (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2006v049n04ABEH005940
Citation: Rozanov N N, Sochilin G B "First-order relativistic effects in the electrodynamics of media moving with a nonuniform velocity" Phys. Usp. 49 407–424 (2006)
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Оригинал: Розанов Н Н, Сочилин Г Б «Релятивистские эффекты первого порядка в электродинамике сред с неоднородной скоростью движения» УФН 176 421–439 (2006); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0176.200604f.0421

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