Bose-Einstein condensates in a laser radiation field
L.P. Pitaevskii a, b
a Kapitza Institute of Physical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Kosygina 2, Moscow, 117334, Russian Federation
b Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento and BDC Center, Povo, Trento, I-38050, Italy
The properties of Bose-Einstein condensates in an external potential produced by a laser light field are discussed. Considered are the condensates embedded in periodic lattices produced by standing laser waves and the condensates confined within ’optical traps’ near the focus of a traveling wave. Observations of the Mott transition in a periodic lattice are described, as are experiments on atoms near the Feshbach resonance and experiments on the condensates in a double potential well, which permit investigating the tunnel dynamics of condensate phases.