Concept of consciousness in the context of quantum mechanics
Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
Conceptual problems of the quantum theory of measurement are considered, which are embodied in well-known
paradoxes and in Bell’s inequalities. Arguments are advanced
in favor of the viewpoint that these problems may hardly be
solved without direct inclusion of the observer’s consciousness in
the theoretical description of a quantum measurement. Discussed in this connection is the so-called many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics proposed by Everett, as is the
extension of Everett’s concept, which consists in the assumption that separating the quantum state components corresponding to alternative measurements is not only associated with the
observer’s consciousness but is completely identified with it.
This approach is shown to open up qualitatively new avenues
for the unification of physics and psychology and, more broadly,
of the sciences and the humanities. This may lead to an extension of the theory of consciousness and shed light on significant
and previously misunderstood phenomena in the sphere of consciousness.