Issues

 / 

2004

 / 

November

  

Reviews of topical problems


Laboratory search for time variation in the fine structure constant

 a, b
a Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
b Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University), Institutskii per. 9, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, 141701, Russian Federation

Laboratory methods for detecting possible time variation in the fine structure constant are reviewed. Such methods provide a large amount of controllability while at the same time approaching astrophysical tests in terms of sensitivity to the linear drift. Modern high-precision spectroscopic experiments involving atomic transition frequency measurements against the primary 133Cs standard are reviewed. Combining results from different laboratory spectroscopic measurements allows contributions from the electromagnetic and strong interactions to be disentangled.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 06.20.Jr, 06.30.Ft (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2004v047n11ABEH001870
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2004/11/b/
Citation: Kolachevsky N N "Laboratory search for time variation in the fine structure constant" Phys. Usp. 47 1101–1118 (2004)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)MedlineRefWorks

Оригинал: Колачевский Н Н «Лабораторные методы поиска дрейфа постоянной тонкой структуры» УФН 174 1171–1190 (2004); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0174.200411b.1171

References (74) ↓ Cited by (10) Similar articles (20)

  1. Dirac P A M Nature 139 323 (1937); Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 165 198 (1938)
  2. Damour T, Piazza F, Veneziano G Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 081601 (2002)
  3. Taylor T R, Veneziano G Phys. Lett. B 213 450 (1988)
  4. Bekenstein J D Phys. Rev. D 25 1527 (1982)
  5. Karshenboim S G Can. J. Phys. 78 639 (2000); physics/0306180
  6. Chamoun N, Landau S J, Vucetich H Phys. Lett. B 504 1 (2001)
  7. Uzan J-P Rev. Mod. Phys. 75 403 (2003); hep-ph/0205340
  8. Varshalovich D A et al. "Current status of the problem of cosmological variability of fundamental physical constants", in Precision Physics of Simple Atomic Systems (Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 627, Eds S G Karshenboim, V B Smirnov, Berlin: Springer, 2003) p. 199
  9. Bahcall J N, Steinhardt C L, Schlegel D Astrophys. J. 600 520 (2004); astro-ph/0301507
  10. Savedoff M P Nature 178 689 (1956)
  11. Minkowski R, Wilson O C Astrophys. J. 123 373 (1956)
  12. Webb J K et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 091301 (2001); Astrophys. Space Sci. 283 565 (2003); Murphy M T, Webb J K, Flambaum V V, astro-ph/0306483
  13. Shlyakther A I Nature 264 340 (1976)
  14. Fujii Y et al., hep-ph/0205206; presented at Intern. Conf. on Nucl. Data for Science and Technology, ND2001, 7 – 12 October 2001, Tsukuba, Japan
  15. Olive K A et al. Phys. Rev. D 66 045022 (2002); hep-ph/0205269
  16. Reichert J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 3232 (2000)
  17. Udem Th, Holzwarth R, Hänsch T W Nature 416 233 (2002)
  18. Niering M et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 5496 (2000)
  19. Marion H et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 150801 (2003)
  20. Fischer M et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 230802 (2004); physics/0312086
  21. Vogel K R et al. Opt. Lett. 26 102 (2001); Udem Th et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86 4996 (2001)
  22. Margolis H S et al. Phys. Rev. A 67 032501 (2003)
  23. von Zanthier J et al. Opt. Lett. 25 1729 (2000); Laser Phys. 11 1117 (2001)
  24. Stenger J et al. Opt. Lett. 26 1589 (2001)
  25. Peik E et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. (2004, to be published); physics/0402132
  26. Blythe P J et al. Phys. Rev. A 67 020501(R, 2003)
  27. Young B C et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 3799 (1999); Rafac R J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 2462 (2000)
  28. Bize S et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 150802 (2003)
  29. Bize S et al. Europhys. Lett. 45 558 (1999)
  30. Quast R, Reimers D, Levshakov S A Astron. Astrophys. 415 L7 (2004)
  31. Chand H et al. Astron. Astrophys. 417 853 (2004)
  32. Petrov Yu V Usp. Fiz. Nauk 123 473 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 20 937 (1977)]
  33. Dzuba V A, Flambaum V V, Webb J K Phys. Rev. A 59 230 (1999); Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 888 (1999); Murphy M T et al. eConf C020620 FRAT02 (2002); astro-ph/0209488
  34. Webb J K et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 884 (1999)
  35. http://loen.ucolick.org/hires/
  36. Murphy M T, Webb J K, Flambaum V V Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 345 609 (2003)
  37. Ivanchik A et al. Astrophys. Space Sci. 283 583 (2003); astro-ph/0210299
  38. Nasel’skii P D, Novikov D I, Novikov I D Reliktovoe Izluchenie Vselennoi (Relict Radiation in the Universe, Moscow: Nauka, 2003)
  39. Linde A Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 17 (S1) 89 (2002); hep-th/0107176
  40. Turneaure J P, Stein S, in Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants: Proc. of the 5th Intern. Conf. (Eds J H Sanders, A H Wapstra, London: Plenum, 1976) p. 636; Turneaure J P et al. Phys. Rev. D 27 1705 (1983)
  41. Ramsey N F, in Nobel Lectures in Physics, 1981 – 1990 (Eds T Frängsmyr, G Ekspong, Singapore: World Scientific, 1993) p. 553
  42. http://www.boulder.nist.gov/timefreq/cesium/fountain.htm
  43. Adams C S, Riis E Prog. Quantum Electron. 21 1 (1997)
  44. Heindorff T et al. Metrologia 38 497 (2001)
  45. Sortais Y, Bize S, Abgrall M Phys. Scripta T95 50 (2001); Clairon A et al., in Proc. of the 5th Symp. on Frequency Standards and Metrology, Woods Hole, Mass., USA, 15 – 19 October 1995 (Ed. J C Bergquist, Singapore: World Scientific, 1996) p. 49
  46. Domnin Yu S et al. Can. J. Phys. 80 1321 (2002); in Proc. of 16th European Frequency and Time Forum, EFTF-2002, St. Petersburg, Russia, March 2002, p. 385
  47. Bethe H, Salpeter E Quantum Mechanics of One- and Two-Electron Atoms (New York: Plenum Publ. Corp., 1977) [Translated into Russian (Moscow: Fizmatgiz, 1960)]
  48. Breit G Phys. Rev. 35 1447 (1930)
  49. Foldy L L Phys. Rev. 111 1093 (1958)
  50. Prestage J D, Tjoelker R L, Maleki L Phys. Rev. Lett. 74 3511 (1995)
  51. Casimir H B G On the Interaction Between Atomic Nuclei and Electrons 2nd ed. (San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1963) p. 54
  52. Schwartz C Phys. Rev. 97 380 (1955)
  53. Ramsey N, in Quantum Electrodynamics (Adv. Ser. on Directions in High Energy Phys., Vol. 7, Ed. T Kinoshita, Singapore: World Scientific, 1990) p. 673; Hyperfine Interact. 81 97 (1993)
  54. Berkeland D J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 2089 (1998)
  55. Demidov N A et al., in Proc. of the 6th European Frequency and Time Forum, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 17 – 19 March 1992 (ESA SP, Vol. 340, Ed. J J Hunt, Paris: European Space Agency, 1992) p. 409
  56. Breakiron L A, in Proc. of the 25th Annual Precise Time Interval Applications and Planning Meeting (NASA Conf. Publ., No. 3267, Washington, DC: U.S. Naval Observatory Time Service Department (TSSI), 1993) p. 401
  57. Godone A et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 2364 (1993)
  58. Lämmerzahl C, Dittus H Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 11 95 (2002)
  59. http://opdaf1.obspm.fr/www/pharao.html
  60. Zimmermann M et al. Opt. Lett. 29 310 (2004)
  61. Eckstein J N, Ferguson A I, Hänsch T W Phys. Rev. Lett. 40 847 (1978); Ferguson A I, Eckstein J N, Hänsch T W Appl. Phys. 18 257 (1979)
  62. Akimov A V et al. Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. (11) 42 (2003)
  63. Holzwarth R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 2264 (2000)
  64. Knight J C et al. Opt. Lett. 21 1547 (1996)
  65. Fischer M et al. Can. J. Phys. 80 1225 (2002)
  66. Kolachevsky N et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 033003 (2004)
  67. Dzuba V A, Flambaum V V Phys. Rev. A 61 034502 (2000)
  68. Hänsch T W, in Laser Spectroscopy III (Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 7, Eds J L Hall, J L Carlsten, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1977) p. 149
  69. Fischer M et al., in Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants (Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 648, Eds S G Karshenboim, E Peik, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2004) p. 209
  70. Udem Th et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 79 2646 (1997)
  71. Bauch A Meas. Sci. Technol. 14 1159 (2003)
  72. Damour T, Polyakov A M Nucl. Phys. B 423 532 (1994)
  73. Calmet X, Fritzsch H Phys. Lett. B 540 173 (2002); Eur. Phys. J. C 24 639 (2002); hep-ph/0112110
  74. Stenger J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 073601 (2002)

© 1918–2022 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk
Email: ufn@ufn.ru Editorial office contacts About the journal Terms and conditions