From the history of physics

On the centenary of the Nobel Prize: Russian laureates in physics

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Institute ofGeneral and Nuclear Physics, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation

The history and development of the branches of physics which profited significantly from the work of Russian Nobel laureates (P A Cherenkov, I E Tamm, I M Frank, L D Landau, N G Basov, A M Prokhorov, P L Kapitza, and Zh I Alferov) are reviewed in popular form to mark the recent Nobel Foundation centenary. Apart from the Russian prize winners’ achievements, the major contributions of their colleagues — Russian and foreign, predecessors and successors — are briefly discussed. The current state of the branches of physics advanced with the participation of Russian laureates is reviewed, and the practical implications of their work for science, technology, and everyday life are discussed.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU2003v046n05ABEH001288
PACS: 01.65.+g, 42.50.−p, 67.40.−w, 74.20.−z (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU2003v046n05ABEH001288
Citation: Mukhin K N, Sustavov A F, Tikhonov V N "On the centenary of the Nobel Prize: Russian laureates in physics" Phys. Usp. 46 493–547 (2003)
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:   ,   ,    « 100- (   )» 173 511–569 (2003); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0173.200305c.0511

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