A.D. Chernin Lomonosov Moscow State University, Shternberg State Astronomical Institute, Universitetskii prosp. 13, Moscow, 119889, Russian Federation
A brief review is given of the history of modern ideas on the ongoing star formation process in the gaseous disks of galaxies. Recent studies demonstrate the key role of the interplay between the gas self-gravitation and its turbulent motions. The large scale supersonic gas flows create structures of enhanced density which then give rise to the gravitational condensation of gas into stars and star clusters. Formation of star clusters, associations and complexes is considered, as well as the possibility of isolated star formation. Special emphasis is placed on star formation under the action of ram pressure.