Reviews of topical problems

Collective ion acceleration in systems with a virtual cathode

 a,  a,  b
a All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics — Federal Nuclear Centre, prosp. Mira 37, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region, 607190, Russian Federation
b Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Vavilova 38, Moscow, 119942, Russian Federation

The current status of research and development in the realm of physics and technology of collective ion acceleration in systems with a virtual cathode (VC) is reviewed. Three major acceleration methods and devices developed on their basis are considered: reflex triodes and their modifications, gas-filled vircators, and vacuum vircators with a Luce diode. Experimental data are outlined and the principal physical models interpreting these data are described. New ion acceleration techniques whose realization involves the production and disappearance of the VC are also discussed. All methods of collective ion acceleration are compared and the possible ways for the further development of this promising scientific field are highlighted.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 41.75.Ak
DOI: 10.1070/PU2002v045n11ABEH001255
Citation: Dubinov A E, Kornilova I Yu, Selemir V D "Collective ion acceleration in systems with a virtual cathode" Phys. Usp. 45 1109–1129 (2002)
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Оригинал: Дубинов А Е, Корнилова И Ю, Селемир В Д «Коллективное ускорение ионов в системах с виртуальным катодом» УФН 172 1225–1246 (2002); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0172.200211a.1225

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