Issues

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2001

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August

  

From the history of physics


On the history of the research into controlled thermonuclear fusion

 a,  b,  b, ,  c
a National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. akad. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation
b All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics — Federal Nuclear Centre, prosp. Mira 37, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region, 607190, Russian Federation
c Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 53, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

The problem of controlled nuclear fusion (CNF) is a colossal scientific and technological challenge on a global scale; enormous teams of scientists in many countries are still trying to solve this problem. 50 years ago, on May 5, 1951, the USSR Council of Ministers Resolution enacted a governmental program, apparently the first in the world, ’On conducting research and experimental work to clarify the feasibility of building a magnetic thermonuclear reactor’. The three papers below briefly outline the history and sequence of events together with the evolution of ideas that led to the first governmental decisions to carry out the work that would clarify whether the creation of a controlled thermonuclear reactor was feasible, and also summarize the results of the first decades of research.

Text can be downloaded in Russian. English translation is available on IOP Science.
PACS: 01.65.+g
DOI: 10.1070/PU2001v044n08ABEH001068
URL: https://ufn.ru/en/articles/2001/8/p/
Citation: Shafranov V D, Bondarenko B D, Goncharov G A, Lavrent’ev O A, Sakharov A D "On the history of the research into controlled thermonuclear fusion" Phys. Usp. 44 835–843 (2001)
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:   ,   ,   ,   ,    «    » 171 877–886 (2001); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0171.200108o.0877

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