Optics of microdroplets
V.V. Datsyuk a
I.A. Izmailov b
a Department of Physics, T.G. Shevchenko Kiev National University, Vladimirskaya str. 64, Kiev, 252017, Ukraine
b Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, prosp. Nauki 45, Kiev, 03028, Ukraine
An overview of optical effects in micrometer-sized droplets is presented. The fundamentals of microdroplet optics are expounded. The scope of the analyzed phenomena includes enhancement of the spontaneous emission probability, laser
generation, Raman light scattering, changes in the rates of physicochemical processes, and peculiarities of action on droplets by high-power light pulses. It is emphasized that the knowledge acquired can be applied to droplet structure analysis based on the measurement of resonance positions and amplitudes in elastic or inelastic light scattering spectra.