From the history of physics

Development of dynamic high-pressure techniques in Russia

 a,  b,  b,  c,  a
a Institute of Thermophysics of Extreme States, Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 125412, Russian Federation
b All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics — Federal Nuclear Centre, prosp. Mira 37, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region, 607190, Russian Federation
c Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 127412, Russian Federation

In the mid-1950s, experimental studies of condensed matter at extremely high pressures (i.e., high energy densities) started to appear in the scientific literature, made possible by using strong shock waves to influence intensively the state of the substance being studied. Russian Federal Nuclear Centres in Sarov and Snezhinsk and their Academy of Sciences counterparts in Moscow, Chernogolovka, and Novosibirsk were instrumental in developing dynamic measurement techniques and forming this new line of investigation of extreme states of matter, based on application of shock waves in high-pressure physics.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 28.70.+y, 47.40.−x, 62.20.Fe (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1999v042n03ABEH000545
Citation: Al’tshuler L V, Trunin R F, Urlin V D, Fortov V E, Funtikov A I "Development of dynamic high-pressure techniques in Russia" Phys. Usp. 42 261–280 (1999)
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Оригинал: Альтшулер Л В, Трунин Р Ф, Урлин В Д, Фортов В Е, Фунтиков А И «Развитие в России динамических методов исследований высоких давлений» УФН 169 323–344 (1999); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0169.199903g.0323

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