Reviews of topical problems

Basic quantum mechanical concepts from the operational viewpoint

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Physics, Leninskie Gory 1 build. 2, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

The physical meaning of the basic quantum mechanical concepts (such as the wave function, reduction, state preparation and measurement, the projection postulate, and the uncertainty principle) is clarified using realistic experimental procedures and employing classical analogies whenever possible. Photon polarization measurement and particle coordinate and momentum measurement are considered as examples, as also are Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations, Aharonov-Bohm effects, quantum teleportation, etc. Various nonclassicality criteria of quantum models, including photon antibunching and the violation of the Bell inequality, are discussed.

PACS: 03.65.Bz
DOI: 10.1070/PU1998v041n09ABEH000441
Citation: Klyshko D N "Basic quantum mechanical concepts from the operational viewpoint" Phys. Usp. 41 885–922 (1998)
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Оригинал: Клышко Д Н «Основные понятия квантовой физики с операциональной точки зрения» УФН 168 975–1015 (1998); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0168.199809d.0975

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