Reviews of topical problems

From Maxwell’s demon to the self-organization of mass transfer processes in living systems

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Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institutskaya str. 3, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russian Federation

As a result of cyclic interactions with their environment, microparticles are often drawn into a directed, stochastically determined motion and subsequently arrange themselves into dynamical structures. In the present review, the possibility of a directed motion of microparticles in the presence of weak, asymmetric, periodic governing fields is analyzed. The minimum energy requirement for changing from random walk to directed motion is estimated. Applications to regulatory processes in biosystems, such as the virus-bacterium interaction and intercellular movement of chemotaxis bacteria, vesicles, enzymes, and ions, are discussed and certain high-technology uses of these effects considered.

Fulltext is available at IOP
PACS: 05.40.+j, 87.10.+e, 87.22.-q
DOI: 10.1070/PU1998v041n11ABEH000503
Citation: Ivanitskii G R, Medvinskii A B, Deev A A, Tsyganov M A "From Maxwell's demon to the self-organization of mass transfer processes in living systems" Phys. Usp. 41 1115–1126 (1998)
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Оригинал: Иваницкий Г Р, Медвинский А Б, Деев А А, Цыганов М А «От „демона Максвелла“ к самоорганизации процессов массопереноса в живых системах» УФН 168 1221–1233 (1998); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0168.199811c.1221

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