On Galateas — magnetic traps with plasma-embedded conductors
A.I. Morozov a
V.V. Savel’ev b
a National Research Centre ‘Kurchatov Institute’, pl. akad. Kurchatova 1, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation
b M.V. Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miusskaya pl. 4, Moscow, 125047, Russian Federation
The introduction of plasma-embedded magnetically insulated current-carrying conductors into a plasma trap magnetic system radically increases the number of possible trap designs. The present review focuses on the studies of β = 1 Galateas conducted in the 1990s. Both general and design-specific Galatea properties are discussed and for a number of specific schemes analytical and numerical calculations are performed. Experimental data on a number of electrical discharge Galateas are presented.