An introduction to matrix superstring models
Russian Federation State Scientific Center ‘A.I. Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics’, ul. Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow, 117259, Russian Federation
The recently developed matrix approach to the superstring concept and M-theory is introduced. The Banks-Fishler-Shenker-Susskind matrix theory, built as a supersymmetric matrix quantum mechanics, is considered. Two supersymmetric matrix models providing a non-perturbative formulation of the IIB superstring problem are discussed. Applications to non-perturbative string theory are reviewed.