A.N. Cherkasovb aSt. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya naberezhnaya, 7 - 9, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation bState Research Institute for Highly Pure Biomaterials, ul. Pudozhskaya 7, St. Petersburg, 197110, Russian Federation
The most important data from birefringence measurements on the structure, optical anisotropy, and formation kinetics of polymer surface layers are reviewed.