Reviews of topical problems

Application of fractals in condensed-matter physics

a Sumy State University, ul. Rimskogo-Korsakova 2, Sumy, 244007, Ukraine

Basic information about the theory of mono- and multifractal sets is presented. Geometric and thermodynamic descriptions are developed. The geometric picture is presented on the basis of the simplest examples of the Koch and Cantor fractal sets. An ultrametric space, representing the metric of a fractal set, is introduced on the basis of Cayley's hierarchical tree. The spectral characteristics of a multifractal formation are described. Attention is focused mainly on the application of the fractal concept for a thermodynamic system with partial memory loss, turbulent fluid flow, hierarchically coordinated set of statistical ensembles, Anderson's transition, and incommensurable and quasicrystalline structures.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU1993v036n12ABEH002208
PACS: 64.60.Ak, 47.53.+n, 61.43.Hv, 61.44.−n (all)
DOI: 10.1070/PU1993v036n12ABEH002208
Citation: Olemskoi A I, Flat A Ya "Application of fractals in condensed-matter physics" Phys. Usp. 36 (12) 1087–1128 (1993)
BibTexBibNote ® (generic)BibNote ® (RIS)Medline RefWorks
RT Journal
T1 Application of fractals in condensed-matter physics
A1 Olemskoi,A.I.
A1 Flat,A.Ya.
PB Physics-Uspekhi
PY 1993
FD 10 Dec, 1993
JF Physics-Uspekhi
JO Phys. Usp.
VO 36
IS 12
SP 1087-1128
DO 10.1070/PU1993v036n12ABEH002208

Оригинал: Олемской А И, Флат А Я «Использование концепции фрактала в физике конденсированной среды» УФН 163 (12) 1–50 (1993); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0163.199312a.0001

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