Reviews of topical problems

Development of electron avalances and streamers

The article presents a review of the current state of the theory of avalanche-streamer processes, i.e., processes occurring during the development of discharges in dense gases. The principal attention is devoted to description of the physical picture of the phenomena. A systematic presentation is given of the theory of the main stages of formation of a discharge: the theory of electron avalanches, the theory of a selfmaintaining discharge, the theory of the avalanche-streamer transition, and the theory of streamers. The question of breakdown of long spark gaps is discussed briefly.

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Fulltext is also available at DOI: 10.1070/PU1975v018n11ABEH005235
PACS: 52.80.Mg, 29.40.Hy
DOI: 10.1070/PU1975v018n11ABEH005235
Citation: Lozanskii É D "Development of electron avalances and streamers" Sov. Phys. Usp. 18 893–908 (1975)
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Оригинал: Лозанский Э Д «Развитие электронных лавин и стримеров» УФН 117 493–521 (1975); DOI: 10.3367/UFNr.0117.197511c.0493

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